From French abénaqui, either from Montagnais ouabanākionek (“people of the eastern country”) or from the Western Abenaki autonym Wôbanaki or an Eastern Abenaki/Penobscot cognate of the same, from Algonquin. Ultimately a compound word meaning "people of the east" or "people of the dawn-land", from Proto-Algonquian *wa·panki (“dawn”) + *askyi (“land”).
- An Algonquian First People from northeastern North America, mainly Maine and Quebec. [early 18th century]
- The Abenaki have unique customs.
- A complex of Eastern Algonquian lects, originally spoken in what is now Maine, and Quebec, divided into Western Abenaki and Eastern Abenaki (Penobscot). [early 20th century]
- (in particular) The Western Abenaki language.
Abenaki (plural Abenakis or Abenaki)
- A member of this Algonquian First People. [early 18th century]
- Two Abenakis greeted him.
- collective plural of .
Abenaki (not comparable)
- Related or pertaining to the Abenaki people or language. [early 19th century]
- Lesley Brown, editor (1933) The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, published 2003, page 3
- ^ “Abenaki” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
- ^ “Abenaki” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
- Ethnologue entry for Western Abenaki, abe
- Ethnologue entry for Eastern Abenaki, aaq (Penobscot, extinct)