Appendix:Bulgarian pronunciation

See Bulgarian phonology at Wikipedia for a thorough look at the sounds of Bulgarian.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b баба box
c кьопоолу cute
дом dust
d͡z дзифт birds
d͡ʒ джем jab
f филм fact
ɡ гарван good
ɟ гяур argue
j сойка yes
k къща skill
l лимон leap
ɫ лош all or west
ʎ любов million
m море mocha
нос north
ɲ баня canyon
ŋ банка sing
p пет speak
r работа trilled r, like in Spanish
s стол salt, mask
ʃ шума sugar
тайна style
t͡s цар bats
t͡ʃ чай cheese
v вода view
x хартия loch (Scottish English)
z зима zoo
ʒ жълт pleasure


Marginal consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
ɣ видях го between go and ahold
ç Хюз huge
w уиски water
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a брат father
ɤ кът plus
ɛ цена edge
i сив police
ɔ слон off
u хубав pool
Reduced vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
ɐ щерка, камък sofa
o нещо, уста thought (RP), coat (Scottish English)


Other symbols
IPA Description
ˈ Stress on the following syllable
ˌ Secondary stress on the following syllable
◌ʲ Palatalization of the preceding consonant