consonant

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English consonant or consonaunt, from Old French consonant, from Latin cōnsonāns (sounding with), from the prefix con- (with) + the present participle sonāns (sounding), from sonāre (to sound). The Latin is a calque of Ancient Greek σύμφωνον (súmphōnon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

consonant (plural consonants)

  1. (phonetics) A sound that results from the passage of air through restrictions of the oral cavity; any sound that is not the dominant sound of a syllable, the dominant sound generally being a vowel.
  2. A letter representing the sound of a consonant.
    The 19 unquestionable consonants in the English alphabet are B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Z.
    • 1892, Walter Besant, “Prologue: Who is Edmund Gray?”, in The Ivory Gate [], New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 16832619:
      Thus, when he drew up instructions in lawyer language, he expressed the important words by an initial, a medial, or a final consonant, and made scratches for all the words between; his clerks, however, understood him very well.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

consonant (comparative more consonant, superlative most consonant)

  1. consistent, harmonious, compatible, or in agreement
    • 1710, William Beveridge, The true nature of the Christian church, the office of its ministers, and the means of grace administred by them explain'd. In twelve sermons
      Each one pretends that his opinion [] is consonant to the words there used.
    • 1900, Sabine Baring-Gould, "The Rev. Mr. Carter, Parson-Publican", in Yorkshire Oddities, Incidents and Strange Events
      Cheerfulness, even gaiety, is consonant with every species of virtue and practice of religion, and I think it inconsistent only with impiety and vice.
    • 1946, United States Supreme Court, Pennekamp v. Florida 328 U.S. 331,334
      This essential right of the courts to be free of intimidation and coercion was held to be consonant with a recognition that freedom of the press must be allowed in the broadest scope compatible with the supremacy of order.
  2. Having the same sound.
    • 1645-1650, James Howell, Epistolae Ho-Elianae
      consonant words and syllables
  3. (music) Harmonizing together; accordant.
    consonant tones; consonant chords
  4. Of or relating to consonants; made up of, or containing many, consonants.
    • 1813, Thomas Moore, Intercepted Letters, or the Two-Penny Post-Bag
      No Russian whose dissonant consonant name / Almost shatters to fragments the trumpet of fame.

QuotationsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

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See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin consonans, attested from the 14th century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

consonant (masculine and feminine plural consonants)

  1. consonant

NounEdit

consonant f (plural consonants)

  1. consonant

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “consonant” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

consonant (feminine singular consonante, masculine plural consonants, feminine plural consonantes)

  1. consonant

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

cōnsonant

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of cōnsonō