Open main menu
See also: brutalism



The 55 Degrees North hotel in Newcastle upon Tyne, an example of Brutalism
English Wikipedia has an article on:


brutal +‎ -ism. Coined in 1954 by the English architects Alison and Peter Smithson, after Le Corbusier's béton brut (French, "raw concrete").


Brutalism (uncountable)

  1. (architecture) A style of modernist architecture characterized by angular geometry and overt signs of the construction process.
    • 2000, Katherine Shonfield, Walls Have Feelings: architecture, film and the city, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), page 20,
      In similar spirit, Nigel Henderson, a member of the Independent Group's Brutalist core, exhibited black and white photographs of the East End at the 1953 ICA show Parallel of Life and Art which stressed the unsanitised reality of everyday life: Peter Smithson's defence of Brutalism through the categorical rhetoric of objectivity and truth, quoted above, echoes Anderson.
    • 2004, B. M. Boyle, Brutalism, R. Stephen Sennott (editor), Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Architecture, Volume 1: A-F, Taylor & Francis (Fitzroy Dearborn), page 181,
      Nonetheless, despite its radical appearance, Brutalism could claim, if not legitimacy, at least ancestry in pre-World War II modernism.
    • 2005, Rodney Bolt, Bavaria, Cadogan Guides, page 26,
      The trend towards Brutalism - an austere style that had its origins in the Bauhaus and is characterized by its emphasis on the building materials (especially bare concrete) and unconcealed service pipes - did little to improve the situation.


Related termsEdit