Latin edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek Κελτοί (Keltoí), Κέλται (Kéltai), Herodotus’ word for the Gauls, from Proto-Celtic *kel-to, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₂- (to strike, beat). Compare Gaulish theonym *Su-cellus (good striker).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Celtae m pl (genitive Celtārum); first declension

  1. the Celts (inhabitants of Gaul)

Declension edit

First-declension noun, plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative Celtae
Genitive Celtārum
Dative Celtīs
Accusative Celtās
Ablative Celtīs
Vocative Celtae

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*kellāko-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 199: “*kellāko- 'fight, war'”.

Further reading edit

  • Celtae”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Celtae in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.