English citations of male


referring to cisgender, transgender or genderfluid malesEdit

  • 2016, Tobias Raun, Out Online: Trans Self-Representation and Community Building on YouTube (→ISBN):
    His vlogs offer another representation of trans male identity than the representation that dominates on YouTube; thus, his self-presentation is much more feminized and ambiguous than what is typically enacted and claimed among other medically transitioning trans male vloggers. Whereas many other trans male vloggers use the videos to assert a conventionally recognizable masculinity through sculpting and carrying their bodies as well as dressing and talking in masculine-coded ways, Carson explores and plays with ways of expressing femininity within (trans) maleness.
  • 2016, Ania Bula, Young, Sick, and Invisible: A Skeptic's Journey with Chronic Illness (Pitchstone Publishing, →ISBN):
    The standard dose of a medication is often based only on interactions with a cis male body, which means that the same dose taken by a woman may be less effective or may be too much. They may not take into account the interactions between higher levels of certain hormones, or increased body fat content.
  • 2017, Janet Mock, Surpassing Certainty: What My Twenties Taught Me (Simon and Schuster, →ISBN), page 54:
    The transgender character on-screen—played by Lee Pace, a cis male actor, with great depth and tenderness—did not turn Troy on. She was not his type—too tall, too flashy, too Southern. Troy instinctively separated me from the movie version of Addams, an attractive woman who reminded me of a star from the golden age of Hollywood, because he did not see her as real. He was protective of our relationship.
  • 2017, Rick Riordan, Magnus Chase and the Hammer of Thor (→ISBN), page 448:
    When I got to the door, [gender-fluid] Alex said, “How did you know?” / I turned. “Know what?” / “When you walked in, you said dude. How did you know I was male?” / I thought about it. At first I wondered if it had just been a throwaway comment—a non-gender-specific dude. The more I considered, though, the more I realized I'd genuinely picked up on the fact that Alex was male. Or rather, Alex had been male. Now, after we'd been talking for a few minutes, she definitely seemed like a she. But how I'd sensed that, I had no idea. / “Just my perceptive nature, I guess.” / Alex snorted. “Right.” / “But you're a girl now.” / She hesitated. “Yeah.”

referring to castrated malesEdit

  • 2005, Jonathan Margolis, O: The Intimate History of the Orgasm (→ISBN), page 150:
    The strange case of circumcised women apparently having orgasms is paralleled, it might be noted (if only out of academic interest rather than practical), by the odder still, yet only passingly documented, phenomenon of male eunuchs having both erections and a form of ejaculation.
  • 2007, Catherine Harper, Intersex, Berg (→ISBN), page 38:
    Ransley argues that male assignment in [the] absence of a penis presents a stark prospect: a culturally unsatisfactory – and sexually challenging – male' body, with poor prospects for phalloplasty. Alternatively, a decision to surgically assign a genetic male without a penis as female runs the risk of the subject rejecting the assignment in adulthood.
  • 2011, Integrative Hypothalamic Activity, Elsevier (→ISBN), page 324
    The deficient male sexual behavior of neonatally castrated male rats might therefore be supposed to be due simply to these qualitative changes in the development of the penis. The increased levels of feminine sexual behavior exhibited by these neonatally castrated males, however, cannot of course be explained by these changes in peripheral receptors.

referring to chromosomally XY, ZZ, XX(!), etc malesEdit

  • 1969, Human afflictions and chromosomal aberrations, page 245:
    On the one hand, the observation of Shah et al. (1961) of male pseudohermaphroditism with XX karyotype and intra-abdominal testicles. Only the skin was studied so that a possibility of mosaicism cannot be dismissed. Two other XX male subjects (Court Brown et al., 1964) raise a similar problem.
  • 1972, Aage Galskov, Acta Endocrinologica: Supplementum (→ISBN):
    The same normal results were obtained in the XX-male subject with testes. In the patient with male Turner's syndrome, the basal T-value was ...
  • 1997, Hormone Research:
    Indeed, in this report we show that, in an XX male subject, SRY is absent in blood leukocytes but present in gonadal cells.
  • 2003, Manju Yadav, Biotechnology →ISBN, page 314:
    Affected individuals are therefore chromosomally male but for the most part phenotypically female, and they are, or course, unable to bear children. Nevertheless, many do marry as women []
  • 2009, Margaret Michiko Jow, The Autosomal Signal in Caenorhabditis Elegans Sex Determination:
    However, the Z dosage hypothesis states that DMRT1 is required in two copies for testes formation in ZZ male birds. The location of DMRT1 on one of the platypus X chromosomes, where it is present in two copies in females and in only one copy in males, would mean that DMRT1 has an opposite, ovary forming role in the platypus.

referring to voiceEdit

  • 1995, Nancy Condee, Soviet Hieroglyphics: Visual Culture in Late Twentieth-century Russia, page 113:
    The masked woman's lips do not move, but her voice is heard again, "And then, awakened by a daring kiss..."
    Behind the mask[,] the woman's eyes flicker open as a male voice is heard off-screen, []
  • 2002, Erik Fosnes Hansen, Tales of Protection (Macmillan, →ISBN), page 232:
    A strong, kind male voice. “Can you hear me, Lieutenant Enberg?” There was something strange about the voice, something foreign and singsong, and the words were different. Lying there in his bandages, he couldn't really grasp what the difference was—he understood what was said, but it sounded strange nonetheless. “Do you understand what I'm saying, Lieutenant Enberg?” Good question. But he understood.
  • 2008, Diana Duncan, Full Exposure (Harlequin, →ISBN), page 56:
    “Alone, she braced herself to die, but instead, a gentle wind lifted her up and rocked her to sleep. She awoke inside a palace. A kind male voice proclaimed her mistress of the mansion. After she'd bathed, gowns and jewels appeared, along with a sumptuous banquet.” “Va bene. I am beginning to see why you like this story.” She returned his smile and his pulse skipped a beat. “That night, when darkness enveloped the castle, the man spoke again, and said he was her new husband.
  • 2009 December 11, The Guardian:
    "While No Doubt are avid fans of the Rolling Stones and even have performed in concerts with them, the Character Manipulation Feature results in an unauthorised performance by the Gwen Stefani avatar in a male voice boasting about having sex with prostitutes," the band's lawyers alleged.
  • 2014, Philip J. Cunningham, Tiananmen Moon: Inside the Chinese Student Uprising of 1989 (Rowman & Littlefield, →ISBN), page 155:
    Another male voice suggests the crowd should leave the Square altogether, at least until the Gorbachev visit was over. Before I had finished translating the last set of remarks for BBC, a high-pitched voice comes screeching over the student PA system. “I say we don't move! I say we stay right here. We are doing nothing wrong.” I'd heard the voice before. It sounded like Chai Ling.

unclear senseEdit

  • 1974, Lawrence Durrell, Monsieur, Faber & Faber 1992, page 289:
    In the powder rooms of the world's great hotels[,] when male lesbians meet they show each other their wedding rings and burst out laughing.

referring to hormonesEdit

  • 2009 September 11, The Guardian:
    "It's very complex area," said Bowen-Simpkins, a consultant gynaecologist. "The male hormone is what gives bulk to muscles and bones so they are at an advantage."
  • 2010, Susan M. Ford, Sally S. Roach, Roach's Introductory Clinical Pharmacology (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, →ISBN), page 498:
    1. Discuss the medical uses, actions, adverse reactions, contraindications, precautions, and interactions of the male and female hormones.
    2. Discuss important pre-administration and ongoing assessment activities the nurse should perform with the patient taking male or female hormones.
    3. List nursing diagnoses particular to a patient taking male or female hormones.
  • 2016, Siddhartha Mukherjee, The Gene: An Intimate History, →ISBN, page 358:
    When sperm was created in the male gonad, it was made in two forms—one bearing the nublike male chromosome, and another bearing the normal-size female chromosome—in roughly equal ratios. When sperm bearing the male chromosome—i.e., “male sperm”—fertilized the egg, the embryo was born male.

comparative: with "more"Edit

  • 1998, Melissa S. Herbert, Camouflage Isn't Only for Combat: Gender, Sexuality, and Women in the Military (NYU Press, →ISBN), page 8:
    And, songs, riddles, and rituals that denigrate women continue (Burke 1996). It is not enough to simply be male; one must be “more male” than the men in the next squad, platoon, and so forth. Neither is it enough to rely on sexual prowess and physical ability to establish one's masculinity and, thus, one's status as a soldier. Much of the strategy seems to rely on being that which is not feminine and, taking this one step further, denigrating that which is feminine.
  • 2011, Brett Genny Beemyn, Susan R. Rankin, The Lives of Transgender People, Columbia University Press (→ISBN), page 52:
    Over time, however, they felt uncomfortable with this identity because they recognized that they were much more male than the butch lesbians around them and discovered or learned more about FTM individuals (most had only known about individuals assigned male at birth who transitioned to female).
  • 2012, Elizabeth Price Foley, The Tea Party: Three Principles (Cambridge University Press, →ISBN), page 16:
    Tea Partiers are slightly more male than the general population (55 percent versus 49 percent), slightly better off economically...
  • 2014, Geraldine J. Clifford, Those Good Gertrudes: A Social History of Women Teachers in America (JHU Press, →ISBN), page 37:
    By 1890, when women were 72% of the nation's teachers, they averaged 92% in communities of 10,000 or more residents. [...S]ome cities with large German-ancestry populations initially attracted more men than the national urban average. An 1885 survey of 24 American cities showed Cincinnati (1 man to 4.2 women) and St. Louis (1:7.7) more male than the nation's urban average[.]
  • 2014, Elizabeth Lapovsky Kennedy, Madeline D. Davis, Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community (Routledge, →ISBN):
    Such thinking always lurks under the surface in twentieth-century Western culture, inviting the interpretation that butch-fem roles, and even lesbianism itself, develop because some women are genetically or hormonally more male than the norm. The tension between biology and culture or continuity and change raises questions about the nature of lesbian identity and the way butch-fem culture was reproduced over time.
  • 2015, Joe Craig, Power (Open Road Media, →ISBN):
    They waved them in the air once, then straightaway let them snap back to their hips. “These won't work out of hours,” Saffron announced. “You'll need to override the internal door locks on the fifth floor.” She tapped the side of one guard's monitor as she spoke. Everything was designed to prevent the guards actually examining the swipe cards, which bore the headshots of two electricians who were older, whiter and more male than the pair currently trying to gain entry to the building.

superlative: with "most"Edit

  • 1990, Pierre Bourdieu, The Logic of Practice (Stanford University Press, →ISBN), page 185:
    Since we also know that woman is seen as the source from which impurity and dishonour threaten to enter the lineage ('Shame is the maiden', the proverb says, and the son-in-law is sometimes called 'the veil cast over shames'), it is also clear that the best, or least bad, of women is the woman sprung from agnates, the patrilateral parallel cousin, the most 'male' of women - the extreme instance of which, the figment of a patriarchal imagination, is Athena, sprung from Zeus' head.
  • 1996, Lawrence A. Hoffman, Covenant of Blood: Circumcision and Gender in Rabbinic Judaism (University of Chicago Press, →ISBN), page 25:
    What follows, then, is a description of part of that lifeline from the vantage point of the symbolism of the rite by which it is inaugurated, the most male of all physical rites, circumcision.
  • 1996, Margery Elfin, Sue Headlee, The Cost of Being Female (ABC-CLIO, →ISBN), page 19:
    And yet there is great occupational segregation within the service sector. Here, too, there are “men's jobs” and “women's jobs.” One type of service job that is “men's work” is that of security. So, for example, most police officers are men; only 12 percent of police officers are female. Rose is a police officer and has a shotgun. She says “It's hard to get the men's trust” (Personal Interview, 1994). Garbage collection is the most male of all male jobs.
  • 1999, Mark William Padilla, Rites of Passage in Ancient Greece: Literature, Religion, Society (Bucknell University Press, →ISBN), page 93:
    But even if they are not (and the evidence remains inconclusive), the contrast between male and female experience is particularly important in a plot guided by the designs of Apollo, probably the most male of the gods, to legitimize a son.
  • 2000, Valerio Valeri, The Forest of Taboos: Morality, Hunting, and Identity Among the Huaulu of the Moluccas (University of Wisconsin Press, →ISBN), page 220:
    Among the Huaulu [...] it stands for the most male of all activities and indeed for the phallus itself[.]
  • 2005, Mark S. Mosko, Frederick H. Damon, On the Order of Chaos: Social Anthropology and the Science of Chaos (Berghahn Books, →ISBN), page 70:
    Opposite-sex clan incorporation also occurs in another area. At one moment during each season, the season is ritually turned inside out, as it were. For instance, when a certain age-grade initiation, kojunduku, takes place during the wet (female) season, the male clan performs a condensed version of doronto, the most male of all dry season ceremonies. This performance "dries" out the wet season, temporarily turning the wet into the dry, and instil a male ceremony into the cycle ...
  • 2014, Rebecca Tillett, Howling for Justice: New Perspectives on Leslie Marmon Silko’s Almanac of the Dead (University of Arizona Press, →ISBN), page 79:
    This fear is associated with the most male of all substances, semen, a substance that has almost magical powers to feminize. Of all contaminating substances, semen is the most powerful and polluting. In a misogynist order, “Semen has the capacity to feminize and humiliate that which it touches. And it just may be that the durability of misogyny owes much to male disgust for semen” (Miller 1997, 20 –21; italics in original).

comparative: with "-er"Edit

  • 2005, Julia Hallam, Lynda La Plante (Manchester University Press. →ISBN), page 100:
    ... the driving, untouchably sexy, some would say ruthless, maler than male policeperson at the core of this most realistic of television series ...
  • 2009, Jack Citrin, David Karol, Nominating the President: Evolution and Revolution in 2008 and Beyond (Rowman & Littlefield, →ISBN), page 126:
    There is, to date, no analysis of the 2008 donor pool that reveals whether high-dollar contributors to Obama and Clinton were indeed "whiter" or "maler" than low-dollar contributors. The scant research on other donor pools certainly does not indicate significant differences in the racial makeup of small contributors compared to large contributors, and the indications about the role of gender are mixed.
  • 2011, Harry W. Kopp, Career Diplomacy: Life and Work in the U.S. Foreign Service, Second Edition (Georgetown University Press, →ISBN), page 25:
    The GAO found that in 1987, of a total of 9,432 foreign service officers and specialists, about 65 percent were white men, fewer than 25 percent were white women, 6 percent were black, and 3 percent were Hispanic, and the officers were paler and maler than the specialists...
  • 2017, Laurie Frankel, This Is How It Always Is: A Novel (Macmillan, →ISBN), page 142:
    ... but in some ways, Aggie was maler than any of them. She was a girl who dug holes and ran hard and liked bugs and all that other tomboy shit, but it was more—or maybe less—than that. She'd dismantle toy trucks to build spaceships to fly dolls to day spas built inside killer volcanoes. You just couldn't nail the kid down. And better than all those wonders, she lived next door. Poppy and Aggie were in and out of each other's houses all weekend long.
  • 2017, Kathleen Rooney, Lillian Boxfish Takes a Walk: A Novel (St. Martin's Press, →ISBN), page 271:
    It occurs to me that thanks to my height and my bearing, someone who spots me from a distance in bad light might easily take me as younger and maler than I am, and this seems to be what my three challengers have done. Two seem set on proceeding regardless, but I think I see a hint of anguish in the bespectacled face of the third. A fear of consequences, probably—but it could also be recognition of some kind: an echo of a grandmother or a great aunt.

superlative: with "-est"Edit

  • 1990, Helena Michie, The Flesh Made Word (Oxford University Press, →ISBN), page 16:
    But the worst is yet to come, as Claudia is exposed to the malest of pastimes and the malest of scents : her husband proceeds to light a pipe and to fill the room with tobacco smoke.
  • 2000, Dan Savage, The Kid: What Happened After My Boyfriend and I Decided to Go Get Pregnant (Penguin, →ISBN):
    [W]e were the last couple to arrive. We were also the youngest, the malest, and the gayest.
  • 2017, Bruce Feiler, The First Love Story: Adam, Eve, and Us (Penguin, →ISBN):
    Michelangelo was Eve's biggest booster, and he [was] so in the malest place on earth.

noun: member of the masculine sex or genderEdit

  • 2008, Linda Goldman, Coming Out, Coming in: Nurturing the Well-being and Inclusion of Gay Youth in Mainstream Society →ISBN, page 27:
    [] a biologically female person who identifies as a male.
  • 2009, Margaret Michiko Jow, The Autosomal Signal in Caenorhabditis Elegans Sex Determination:
    However, the Z dosage hypothesis states that DMRT1 is required in two copies for testes formation in ZZ male birds. The location of DMRT1 on one of the platypus X chromosomes, where it is present in two copies in females and in only one copy in males, would mean that DMRT1 has an opposite, ovary forming role in the platypus.
  • 2013, Emery & Rimoin's Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics →ISBN, chapter 88, page 6:
    Among 46,XX males not having genital ambiguity, 80% show SRY as noted.