Module:mr-translit

This module will transliterate Marathi language text per WT:MR TR. It is also used to transliterate Ahirani, Konkani, and Varhadi.

The module should preferably not be called directly from templates or other modules. To use it from a template, use {{xlit}}. Within a module, use Module:languages#Language:transliterate.

For testcases, see Module:mr-translit/testcases.

FunctionsEdit

tr(text, lang, sc)
Transliterates a given piece of text written in the script specified by the code sc, and language specified by the code lang. When the transliteration fails, returns nil.

-- Transliteration for Marathi (in progress)

local export = {}
local gsub = mw.ustring.gsub
local find = mw.ustring.find

local conv = {
	-- consonants
	['क'] = 'k', ['ख'] = 'kh', ['ग'] = 'g', ['घ'] = 'gh', ['ङ'] = 'ṅ', 
	['च'] = 'c', ['छ'] = 'ch', ['ज'] = 'j', ['झ'] = 'jh', ['ञ'] = 'ñ', 
	['ट'] = 'ṭ', ['ठ'] = 'ṭh', ['ड'] = 'ḍ', ['ढ'] = 'ḍh', ['ण'] = 'ṇ',
	['त'] = 't', ['थ'] = 'th', ['द'] = 'd', ['ध'] = 'dh', ['न'] = 'n',
	['प'] = 'p', ['फ'] = 'ph', ['ब'] = 'b', ['भ'] = 'bh', ['म'] = 'm', 
	['य'] = 'y', ['र'] = 'r', ['ल'] = 'l', ['व'] = 'v', ['ळ'] = 'ḷ',
	['श'] = 'ś', ['ष'] = 'ṣ', ['स'] = 's', ['ह'] = 'h',
	['ऱ'] = 'r',
	-- ['ज्ञ'] = 'dny',
	
	-- not for page titles
	['ज़'] = 'j̈', ['झ़'] = 'j̈h', ['च़'] = 'ċ',

	-- vowel diacritics
	['ि'] = 'i', ['ु'] = 'u', ['े'] = 'e', ['ो'] = 'o', 
	['ा'] = 'ā', ['ी'] = 'ī', ['ू'] = 'ū', 
	['ृ'] = 'ru',
	['ै'] = 'ai', ['ौ'] = 'au',
	['ॉ'] = 'ŏ',
	['ॅ'] = 'ĕ',

	-- vowel signs
	['अ'] = 'a', ['इ'] = 'i', ['उ'] = 'u', ['ए'] = 'e', ['ओ'] = 'o',
	['आ'] = 'ā', ['ई'] = 'ī', ['ऊ'] = 'ū', 
	['ऋ'] = 'ŕ', 
	['ऐ'] = 'ai', ['औ'] = 'au', 
	['ऑ'] = 'ŏ',
	['ॲ'] = 'ĕ', ['ऍ'] = 'ĕ',
	
	['ॐ'] = 'om',
	
	-- chandrabindu
	['ँ'] = '̃',
	
	-- anusvara
	['ं'] = 'ṁ',
	
	-- visarga
	['ः'] = 'ḥ',
	
	-- virama
	['्'] = '',
	
	-- numerals
	['०'] = '0', ['१'] = '1', ['२'] = '2', ['३'] = '3', ['४'] = '4',
	['५'] = '5', ['६'] = '6', ['७'] = '7', ['८'] = '8', ['९'] = '9',
	
	-- punctuation
	['।'] = '.', -- danda
	['॥'] = '.', -- double danda
	['+'] = '', -- compound separator
	
	-- abbreviation sign
	['॰'] = '.',
}

local nasal_assim = {
	['क'] = 'ङ', ['ख'] = 'ङ', ['ग'] = 'ङ', ['घ'] = 'ङ', 
	['च़'] = 'न', ['ज़'] = 'न', ['झ़'] = 'न', 
	['च'] = 'ञ', ['छ'] = 'ञ', ['ज'] = 'ञ', ['झ'] = 'ञ',  
	['ट'] = 'ण', ['ठ'] = 'ण', ['ड'] = 'ण', ['ढ'] = 'ण',
	['प'] = 'म', ['फ'] = 'म', ['ब'] = 'म', ['भ'] = 'म', ['म'] = 'म',
	['य'] = 'इ', ['र'] = 'उ', ['ल'] = 'ल', ['व'] = 'उ',
	['श'] = 'उ', ['ष'] = 'उ', ['स'] = 'उ', ['ह'] = 'उ',
}

local perm_cl = {
	['म्ल'] = true, ['व्ल'] = true, ['न्ल'] = true,
	
}

local all_cons, special_cons = 'कखगघङचछजझञटठडढतथदधपफबभशषसयरलवहणनमळ', 'दतयरलवहनम'
local vowel, vowel_sign = '%*aिुृेोाीूैौॉॅ', 'अइउएओआईऊऋऐऔऑऍ'
local syncope_pattern = '([' .. vowel .. vowel_sign .. '])(़?[' .. all_cons .. '])a(़?[' .. all_cons .. '])([ंँ]?[' .. vowel .. vowel_sign .. '])'

local function rev_string(text)
	local char_array, i = {}, 1
	for char in string.gmatch(text, "[%z\1-\127\194-\244][\128-\191]*") do -- UTF-8 character pattern
		char_array[i] = char
		i = i + 1
	end
	return table.concat(require("Module:table").reverse(char_array))
end

function export.tr(text, lang, sc)
	text = gsub(text, 'ाँ', 'ॉ' .. 'ं')
	text = gsub(text, 'ँ', 'ॅ' .. 'ं')
	text = gsub(text, '([^' .. vowel .. vowel_sign .. '])ं ', '%1अ ')
	text = gsub(text, '([^' .. vowel .. vowel_sign .. '])ं$', '%1अ')
	text = gsub(text, '([' .. all_cons .. ']़?)([' .. vowel .. '्]?)', function(c, d)
		return c .. (d == "" and 'a' or d) end)
	for word in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "[ऀ-ॿa]+") do
		local orig_word = word
		word = rev_string(word)
		word = gsub(word, '^a(़?[' .. all_cons .. '][' .. vowel .. vowel_sign .. '])', '%1')
		while find(word, syncope_pattern) do
			word = gsub(word, syncope_pattern, '%1%2%3%4')
		end
		word = gsub(word, '(.?)ं(.)', function(succ, prev)
			return succ .. (succ..prev == "a" and "्म" or 
				(succ == "" and find(prev, '[' .. vowel .. ']') and "̃" or nasal_assim[succ] or "n")) .. prev end)
		text = gsub(text, orig_word, rev_string(word))
	end
	text = gsub(text, '.़?', conv)
	text = gsub(text, 'a([iu])̃', 'a͠%1')
	text = gsub(text, 'aa', 'a')
    text = gsub(text, 'ñjñ', 'ndny')
    text = gsub(text, 'jñ', 'dny')
	return mw.ustring.toNFC(text)
end

return export