Reconstruction:Old Persian/gāuš

This Old Persian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Old Persian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Iranian *gā́wš.

Noun edit


  1. cow

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle Persian: (/⁠gāw⁠/) (< OP acc. *gāvam[1])
    Manichaean script: ⁧𐫃𐫀𐫇(gʾw)
    Book Pahlavi script: [Book Pahlavi needed] (TWRA)
    Pazend script: ⁧𐬔𐬃(gā̊)
    • Lurish:
      Northern Luri: ⁧گۉ(gow)
      Silakhori: ⁧گۋ()
      Bakhtiari: ⁧گۉ(gow, go)
      Southern Luri: ⁧گا(), ⁧گۉ(gow)
    • Classical Persian: ⁧گاو(gāw)
      Dari: ⁧گاو(gāw)
      Persian: ⁧گاو(gâv), ⁧گاب(gâb) (perhaps via Northwestern)
      Tajik: гов (gov)
      • Gilaki: ⁧گاو(gåv)

References edit

  1. ^ Rezai Baghbidi, Hassan (2017) Middle Persian Historical Phonology, Osaka: Osaka University, page 59: “OP *gāvam”