Reconstruction:Proto-Balto-Slavic/gā́ˀtei

This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Balto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷéh₂-t ~ *gʷh₂-ént, from *gʷeh₂- (to step, to tread).

Verb edit

*gā́ˀtei

  1. to go, to proceed

Usage notes edit

Originally a root-aorist, the verb either has become suppletive to synonymous *eitei (filling up the role of the aorist) or acquired je-present counterpart. Slavic languages have preserved deverbial nouns and a secondary causative derived from the verb-stem, but the base verb itself was lost.

Inflection edit

Probably fixed accent with je-present (in some dialects).

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • East Baltic:
    • Latvian: gãju (preterite of iet)
    • Lithuanian: góti (to rush, hurry) (dialectal)
  • Proto-Slavic: *gati
    • *gatь (causeway) (relic ti-stem), *gatъ m/*gata f (some kind of obstruction (heap, pond, weir)) (relic to-stem)
      • *gatiti (to tramp, to tackle hindrance)

Further reading edit

  • Derksen, Rick (2015) “goti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 184
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) “*gatъ, *gatь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 162
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1979), “*gatiti”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 6 (*e – *golva), Moscow: Nauka, page 105
  • goti”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012