This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *kóryos (war, troops), from *ker-, see also Lithuanian kãras, kãrias (war), Ancient Greek κοίρανος (koíranos, ruler, commander, military leader), Old Persian 𐎼𐎢 (r-u /⁠kāra⁠/, people of war, army).

Noun edit

*koryos m[1]

  1. army, tribe
  2. troop

Declension edit

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *koryos *koryou *koryoi
vocative *korye *koryou *koryūs
accusative *koryom *koryou *koryoms
genitive *koryī *koryous *koryom
dative *koryūi *koryobom *koryobos
locative *koryei *? *?
instrumental *koryū *koryobim *koryūis

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Brythonic:
    • Middle Welsh: cordd (clan, tribe)
  • Middle Irish: cuire
  • Gaulish: Vo-corii, Ate-corius, *Atikoryos

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*koryo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 218