Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/sannati

This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-European *senh₂- (to reach, find, attain).[1]

Verb

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*sannati[1]

  1. to reach

Inflection

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Athematic h₂-root nasal-infix present, suffixless preterite
Active voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *sannāmi *sannamam *sisnāsū *sesona
2nd singular *sannāsi *sannatās *sisnāsesi *sesonas?
3rd singular *sannāti *sannato *sisnāseti *sesone
1st plural *sannamosi *sannamo *sisnāsomosi *sesonmo
2nd plural *sannatesi *sannastē *sisnāsetesi *sesone
3rd plural *sannanti *sannanto *sisnāsonti *sesonar
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular *sanasū ?
2nd singular *sanasesi ? *sannā
3rd singular *sanaseti ? *sannātou
1st plural *sanasomosi ? *sannamos
2nd plural *sanasetesi ? *sannate
3rd plural *sanasonti ? *sannantou
Passive voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *sannār *sisnāsūr
2nd singular *sannātar *sisnāsetar
3rd singular *sannātor ? *sisnāsetor
1st plural *sannammor *sisnāsommor
2nd plural *sannadwe *sisnāsedwe
3rd plural *sannantor ? *sisnāsontor
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular *sanasūr
2nd singular *sanasetar
3rd singular *sanasetor
1st plural *sanasommor
2nd plural *sanasedwe
3rd plural *sanasontor
Declension of the past participle
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *snatos *snatou *snatoi
vocative *snate *snatou *snatoi
accusative *snatom *snatou *snatoms
genitive *snatī *snatous *snatom
dative *snatūi *snatobom *snatobos
instrumental *snatū *snatobim *snatobis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *snatā *snatai *snatās
vocative *snatā *snatai *snatās
accusative *snatam *snatai *snatams
genitive *snatās *snatous *snatom
dative *snatai *snatābom *snatābos
instrumental *? *snatābim *snatābis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *snatom *snatou *snatā
vocative *snatom *snatou *snatā
accusative *snatom *snatou *snatā
genitive *snatī *snatous *snatom
dative *snatūi *snatobom *snatobos
instrumental *snatū *snatobim *snatobis

Derived terms

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  • *dī-kom-sesone (preterite-present)
    • Old Irish: do·coissin
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Descendants

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*san-na-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 323