This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Finnic edit

Etymology edit

From earlier *oktë, akin to Erzya овто (ovto), Moksha офта (ofta).

Noun edit


  1. bear
    Synonyms: *karhu, *kontija

Inflection edit

Descendants edit

From *okci:

  • Finnish: (only in placenames) oksi
  • Livonian: okš
  • Võro: (obsolete) ots'

From *oktëi:

  • Estonian: ott (from a South Estonian dialect)

From *oktoi:

References edit

  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words]‎[1] (in Finnish), [note: linked online version also includes some other etymological sources], Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN
  • Aikio, Ante. Uralic Etymological Dictionary (draft, 2020).