Reconstruction:Proto-Finnic/karhu

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This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-FinnicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Most likely a euphemistic derivation from *karheda (rough, coarse) +‎ *-u. Alternatively (through earlier *karša-) a possible loan from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hŕ̥ćšas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos.

NounEdit

*karhu

  1. bear

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Estonian: karu
  • Finnish: karhu
  • Ingrian: karhu
  • Karelian: (poetic) karhu
  • Võro: karh, kahr
  • Votic: karu

ReferencesEdit

  • Delamarre, Xavier. 1992. "Finnois karhu, aryen hr̥kšas, indoeuropéen *h₂rtk̂os 'ours'". Historische Sprachforschung 105, pp. 151–154.
  • karu in Metsmägi, Iris; Sedrik, Meeli; Soosaar, Sven-Erik (2012), Eesti etümoloogiasõnaraamat, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Instituut, →ISBN
  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words] (in Finnish), Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN