This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

Kroonen reconstructs this word from earlier *gaugmaz (compare *draumaz), and connects it with Sanskrit गूहति (gūhati, to hide) (with analogical -ū-), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰewǵʰ-, *gʷʰewǵʰ-, assuming the original meaning was "to heed, guard".[1]

Alternatively, Mayrhofer connects this word with Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰáwšas (noise, sound) (whence Persian گوش (gôš, ear) and Sanskrit घुष् (ghuṣ, sound)), assuming an original form of Proto-Indo-European *g⁽ʷ⁾ʰew- (to perceive) from which both roots derive.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

*gaumaz m

  1. heed, attention

Inflection edit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *gaumaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *gaumaz *gaumōz, *gaumōs
vocative *gaum *gaumōz, *gaumōs
accusative *gaumą *gaumanz
genitive *gaumas, *gaumis *gaumǫ̂
dative *gaumai *gaumamaz
instrumental *gaumō *gaumamiz

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 518-9