Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kaldijǭ

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *kaldaz (cold) +‎ *-jǭ. Related to Proto-Slavic *koldędzь (probably borrowed from Germanic), *koldьcь, *koldenьcь (well).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*kaldijǭ f

  1. well, spring
    Synonyms: *brunnô, *kwellǭ, *sauþaz

InflectionEdit

ōn-stemDeclension of *kaldijǭ (ōn-stem)
singular plural
nominative *kaldijǭ *kaldijōniz
vocative *kaldijǭ *kaldijōniz
accusative *kaldijōnų *kaldijōnunz
genitive *kaldijōniz *kaldijōnǫ̂
dative *kaldijōni *kaldijōmaz
instrumental *kaldijōnē *kaldijōmiz

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: ċelde (possibly a loan from Old Norse)
  • Old Norse: kelda
  • Southern Sami: gaaltije
  • Finnish: kaltio