This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

From *ǵews- (to try, to taste) +‎ *-tus.

Noun edit

*ǵéwstus m[1]

  1. taste

Inflection edit

Athematic, proterokinetic
nominative *ǵéwstus
genitive *ǵustéws
singular dual plural
nominative *ǵéwstus *ǵéwstuh₁(e) *ǵéwstewes
vocative *ǵéwstu *ǵéwstuh₁(e) *ǵéwstewes
accusative *ǵéwstum *ǵéwstuh₁(e) *ǵéwstums
genitive *ǵustéws *? *ǵustéwoHom
ablative *ǵustéws *? *ǵustúmos
dative *ǵustéwey *? *ǵustúmos
locative *ǵustéw, *ǵustéwi *? *ǵustúsu
instrumental *ǵustúh₁ *? *ǵustúmis

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Celtic: *gustus
  • Proto-Germanic: *kustuz[2] (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *ȷ́úštuš
  • Proto-Italic: *gustus[3] (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*kustu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 313
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “gustus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 276