This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



De Vaan and Lubotsky suggest that this may be derived from a y-extension of *speh₁- (to be filled to the brim). [1]



  1. foam

Derived termsEdit

  • *(s)poHy-m-os
    • Germanic: *faimaz m or n (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
  • *(s)póHy-nh₂-os, *(s)pHóy-nh₂-os (metathesized variant)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Italic:


  1. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011). "The origin of Sanskrit roots of the type sīv- 'to sew', dīv- 'to play dice', with an appendix on Vedic i-perfects." In: Stephanie W. Jamison, H. Craig Melchert, and Brent Vine (eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference, 105-126. Bremen: Hempen.
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN