Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-h₂ti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

SuffixEdit

*-h₂ti[1]

  1. Forms factitive verbs from adjective stems.

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, athematic
3rd singular *-h₂ti
3rd plural *-h₂énti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *-h₂mi *-h₂m̥ *-h₂oh₂ *-h₂yéh₁m̥
2nd singular *-h₂si *-h₂s *-h₂, *-h₂dʰí *-h₂esi *-h₂yéh₁s
3rd singular *-h₂ti *-h₂t *-h₂tu *-h₂eti *-h₂yéh₁t
1st dual *-h₂wós *-h₂wé *-h₂owos *-h₂ih₁wé
2nd dual *-h₂tés *-h₂tóm *-h₂tóm *-h₂etes *-h₂ih₁tóm
3rd dual *-h₂tés *-h₂tā́m *-h₂tā́m *-h₂etes *-h₂ih₁tā́m
1st plural *-h₂mós *-h₂mé *-h₂omos *-h₂ih₁mé
2nd plural *-h₂té *-h₂té *-h₂té *-h₂ete *-h₂ih₁té
3rd plural *-h₂énti *-h₂ént *-h₂éntu *-h₂onti *-h₂ih₁ént
Participle *-h₂ónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *-h₂h₂ér *-h₂h₂é *-h₂oh₂er *-h₂ih₁h₂é
2nd singular *-h₂th₂ér *-h₂th₂é *-h₂só *-h₂eth₂er *-h₂ih₁th₂é
3rd singular *-h₂tór, *-h₂ór *-h₂tó, *-h₂ó *? *-h₂etor *-h₂ih₁tó, *-h₂ih₁ó
1st dual *-h₂wósdʰh₂ *-h₂wédʰh₂ *-h₂owosdʰh₂ *-h₂ih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *-h₂mósdʰh₂ *-h₂médʰh₂ *-h₂omosdʰh₂ *-h₂ih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *-h₂dʰh₂wé *-h₂dʰh₂wé *-h₂dʰh₂wé *-h₂edʰh₂we *-h₂ih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *-h₂rór, *-h₂n̥tór *-h₂ró, *-h₂n̥tó *? *-h₂oror, *-h₂ontor *-h₂ih₁ró, *-h₂ih₁n̥tó
Participle *-h₂m̥h₁nós

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN