Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-is

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

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Suffix

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*(ó)-is f[1]

  1. Forms nouns from verbs.

Inflection

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Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *(ó)-is
genitive *(é)-is
singular dual plural
nominative *(ó)-is *(ó)-ih₁(e) *(ó)-eyes
vocative *(ó)-i *(ó)-ih₁(e) *(ó)-eyes
accusative *(ó)-im *(ó)-ih₁(e) *(ó)-ims
genitive *(é)-is *? *(é)-yoHom
ablative *(é)-is *? *(é)-imos
dative *(é)-yey *? *(é)-imos
locative *(é)-i *? *(é)-isu
instrumental *(é)-ih₁ *? *(é)-imis


Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *(ó)-is
genitive *(Ø)-éys
singular dual plural
nominative *(ó)-is *(ó)-ih₁(e) *(ó)-eyes
vocative *(ó)-i *(ó)-ih₁(e) *(ó)-eyes
accusative *(ó)-im *(ó)-ih₁(e) *(ó)-ims
genitive *(Ø)-éys *? *(Ø)-éyoHom
ablative *(Ø)-éys *? *(Ø)-ímos
dative *(Ø)-éyey *? *(Ø)-ímos
locative *(Ø)-éy, *(Ø)-ḗy *? *(Ø)-ísu
instrumental *(Ø)-íh₁ *? *(Ø)-ímis

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-is
    • Lithuanian: -is
    • Old Prussian: -is
    • Proto-Slavic: *-ь
  • Proto-Germanic: *-iz
  • Proto-Italic: *-is
  • Proto-Hellenic: *-is
    • Ancient Greek: -ις (-is) (possibly; Furnée and Beekes consider it Pre-Greek)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *-iš

References

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  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, 2nd edition, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pages 198, 202