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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-s

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

SuffixEdit

*(é)-s f[1]

  1. Derives nouns from roots.

InflectionEdit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *(é)-s
genitive *(Ø)-és
singular dual plural
nominative *(é)-s *(é)-h₁(e) *(é)-es
vocative *(é)- *(é)-h₁(e) *(é)-es
accusative *(é)-m̥ *(é)-h₁(e) *(é)-m̥s
genitive *(Ø)-és *? *(Ø)-óHom
ablative *(Ø)-és *? *(Ø)-mós
dative *(Ø)-éy *? *(Ø)-mós
locative *(é)-, *(é)-i *? *(Ø)-sú
instrumental *(Ø)-éh₁ *? *(Ø)-bʰí

Derived termsEdit


SuffixEdit

*(ó)-s f[1]

  1. Derives nouns from roots.

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *(ó)-s
genitive *(é)-s
singular dual plural
nominative *(ó)-s *(ó)-h₁(e) *(ó)-es
vocative *(ó)- *(ó)-h₁(e) *(ó)-es
accusative *(ó)-m̥ *(ó)-h₁(e) *(ó)-m̥s
genitive *(é)-s *? *(é)-oHom
ablative *(é)-s *? *(é)-mos
dative *(é)-ey *? *(é)-mos
locative *(é)-, *(é)-i *? *(é)-su
instrumental *(é)-h₁ *? *(é)-bʰi

Derived termsEdit


SuffixEdit

*(ḗ)-s m[1][2]

  1. Derives nouns from roots.

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *(ḗ)-s
genitive *(é)-sos
singular dual plural
nominative *(ḗ)-s *(é)-h₁(e) *(é)-es
vocative *(é)- *(é)-h₁(e) *(é)-es
accusative *(é)-m̥ *(é)-h₁(e) *(é)-m̥s
genitive *(é)-sos *? *(é)-sooHom
ablative *(é)-sos *? *(é)-somos
dative *(é)-soey *? *(é)-somos
locative *(é)-so, *(é)-soy *? *(é)-sosu
instrumental *(é)-soh₁ *? *(é)-sobʰi

Derived termsEdit


SuffixEdit

*(ṓ)-s m[1][2]

  1. Derives nouns from roots.

InflectionEdit

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *(ṓ)-s
genitive *(e)-és
singular dual plural
nominative *(ṓ)-s *(ó)-h₁(e) *(ó)-es
vocative *(ó)- *(ó)-h₁(e) *(ó)-es
accusative *(ó)-m̥ *(ó)-h₁(e) *(ó)-m̥s
genitive *(e)-és *? *(e)-óHom
ablative *(e)-és *? *(e)-mós
dative *(e)-éy *? *(e)-mós
locative *(ó)-, *(ó)-i *? *(e)-sú
instrumental *(e)-éh₁ *? *(e)-bʰí

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, page 47
  2. 2.0 2.1 Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, pages 334-337