Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bak-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*bak-[1]

  1. peg, club

Reconstruction notesEdit

Various points suggest a post-Indo-European borrowing from an unknown source:

  • The phoneme *b, which is rare and of somewhat doubtful status.
  • The consistent occurrence of *a.
  • The alternation between *k and geminate *kk across the descendants.

According to Oxford's Introduction to proto-Indo-European[2], the initial *b- may have been due to the informal ("popular") nature of the term. Kroonen[3] and De Vaan[4] reconstruct no Proto-Indo-European form at all.

Derived termsEdit

  • *bak-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic: *bakas
  • *bakk-o-s
  • *bak-sḱ- (possibly)
  • *bak-tro-m, *bak-tlo-m
  • *bak-yéh₂

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 93
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 246
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*pagila-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 395
  4. 4.0 4.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “baculum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 67
  5. ^ Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “бок”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “βακτηρία”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 194