Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dʰuh₂mós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

ReconstructionEdit

Sometimes also reconstructed as *dʰuHmós. The reconstruction of root-final laryngeal *h₂ is based on Hittite 𒀭𒌅𒉿𒀪𒄩𒀸 (antuwaḫḫaš, human) and [script needed] (tuḫḫae-, to produce smoke).

EtymologyEdit

From *dʰewh₂- (to smoke) +‎ *-mós.

NounEdit

*dʰuh₂mós m (non-ablauting)[1][2]

  1. smoke

InflectionEdit

Thematic
singular
nominative *dʰuh₂mós
genitive *dʰuh₂mósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *dʰuh₂mós *dʰuh₂móh₁ *dʰuh₂móes
vocative *dʰuh₂mé *dʰuh₂móh₁ *dʰuh₂móes
accusative *dʰuh₂móm *dʰuh₂móh₁ *dʰuh₂móms
genitive *dʰuh₂mósyo *? *dʰuh₂móoHom
ablative *dʰuh₂méad *? *dʰuh₂mómos
dative *dʰuh₂móey *? *dʰuh₂mómos
locative *dʰuh₂méy, *dʰuh₂móy *? *dʰuh₂móysu
instrumental *dʰuh₂móh₁ *? *dʰuh₂mṓys

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: *ātuma
  • Balto-Slavic: *dū́ˀmas (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *tʰūmós (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *dʰuHmás (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *fūmos (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*dhuh₂mós”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 99, 123, 124
  2. ^ Jasanoff, Jay (2017) The Prehistory of the Balto-Slavic Accent (Brill's Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics; 17), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 106: “*dʰuh₂-mó-