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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Alternative reconstructionsEdit



  1. to constrict, tighten, compress
  2. narrow, tight
  3. distressed, anxious

Derived termsEdit

  • *h₂énǵʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἄγχω (ánkhō, I compress, strangle)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: angō (I cause pain)
  • *h₂énǵʰ-u-s ~ *h₂n̥ǵʰ-éw-s
  • *h₂enǵʰ-us-t-
    • Germanic: *angustiz (narrowness, tightness, anxiety) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: angustus (narrow, close) (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂énǵʰ-os
    • Germanic: *angazaz (worry, grief, anxiety) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Indo-Iranian: *Hánĵʰas (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Old Armenian: անձաւ (anjaw)
    • Celtic: [Term?]
      • Welsh: cyfyng
      • Old Irish: cumung (narrow, tight, constricted)


  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill