Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂eḱ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*h₂eḱ-

  1. sharp

Derived termsEdit

  • *h₂eḱ-éh₁-ye-ti
    • Italic: *akēō
  • *h₂ḱ-éh₂
  • *h₂óḱ-et-s
  • *h₂(e)ḱ-i-
  • *h₂eḱ-i-l-o-[1][2] or *h₂eḱ-l-[3]
  • *h₂ḱ-méh₂
    • Hellenic: *akmā́
      • Ancient Greek: ἀκμή (akmḗ) (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂éḱ-mō ~ *h₂ḱ-m̥n-és (stone)
  • *h₂óḱ-ri-s (sharp edge, protrusion)
  • *h₂ḱ-ró-s (sharp)
  • *h₂eḱru (tear (of the eyes))
  • *h₂éḱ-os ~ *h₂éḱ-es-os (s-stem)[1]
    • Italic: *akos
      • Latin: acus (bran, chaff) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *ahaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: *ákos
      • Ancient Greek: -ήκης (-ḗkēs)
        • Ancient Greek: τανυήκης (tanuḗkēs, having a long/thin edge/point)
    • Tocharian: *āke
  • *h₂eḱ-(o)n-eh₂
    • Germanic: *ahanō ~ *aganō (awn, chaff) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: agna (blade/ear of grain)
  • *h₂eḱ-stí-[6][7]
  • *h₂eḱ-stu-
  • *h₂eḱ-u-[1]
    • Balto-Slavic: *ašus
      • Latvian: ass (sharp), ašs (swift)
    • Italic: *akus
      • Latin: acus (see there for further descendants)
        • Latin: acuō (see there for further descendants)
    • Tocharian: [Term?]
  • *h₂oḱ-yéh₂
    • Germanic: *agjō (see there for further descendants)
  • Compounds:
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: ath, eh, thua
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: հասկ (hask) (possibly)
      • Armenian: ոսի (osi) (possibly)
    • Hellenic:
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: 𐬀𐬯𐬏𐬭𐬀(asūra, point)
      • Khotanese: [script needed] (aśäjä, sharp; stony)
      • Parthian: (/bōδāžār/, sharp-smell; spices)
        Manichaean: [Manichaean needed] (bwdʾcʾr)
        • Classical Persian: بوزار(bōzār, hot spices) (only used for pepper, cinnamon, etc.)
      • Persian: آچار(āčār, pickle, marinade)
      • Pashto: اښار(āẍār, acidic; sour; pickle; sadman)
      • Classical Persian: آژیخ(āžīx, solid tears ,rheum) (perhaps from *āsikah)
      • Classical Persian: آژدف(āždaf, an acidic fruit, medlar), ازدف(azdaf)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008) , “*h₂ek̂-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, page 287–300
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*ahila- ~ *agila-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 5
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) , “aseɫn”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 115–117
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*osьla”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 381
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko (2003) Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Modrijan
  6. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) , “*hₐek̂stí-”, in The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 165
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*axto-, *axtīno-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 50–51
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “akstis”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 48
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*ȏstь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 380
  10. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “akstinas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 48
  11. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*ostь̀nъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 380
  12. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “eithin”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  13. 13.0 13.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) , “āśce”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 61