Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃érō

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

NounEdit

*h₃érō m[1]

  1. eagle

InflectionEdit

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *h₃érō
genitive *h₃r̥nés
singular dual plural
nominative *h₃érō *h₃éronh₁(e) *h₃érones
vocative *h₃éron *h₃éronh₁(e) *h₃érones
accusative *h₃éronm̥ *h₃éronh₁(e) *h₃éronm̥s
genitive *h₃r̥nés *? *h₃r̥nóHom
ablative *h₃r̥nés *? *h₃rn̥mós
dative *h₃r̥néy *? *h₃rn̥mós
locative *h₃rén, *h₃réni *? *h₃rn̥sú
instrumental *h₃r̥néh₁ *? *h₃rn̥bʰí

DescendantsEdit

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: 𒄩𒀀𒊏𒀸 (ḫa-a-ra-aš /hāras/)
  • Albanian: [Term?]
  • Balto-Slavic:
  • Celtic: *eriros (possibly, but there would be irregular development of initial vowel if so)[2]
  • Germanic: *arô (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *órn-īk-s ~ *órn-īkʷʰ- (suffixed from the oblique stem)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN