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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Reanalysed root of *kés-r̥ ~ *ks-én-s, from *kes- (to scrape, comb) +‎ *-r̥ (n-stem).


*ksen- (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to card, scratch

Derived termsEdit

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *ksen- not found
  • *ksén-e-ti ~ *ksén-onti (thematic root present)
  • *ksn̥-yé-ti ~ *ksn̥-yonti (zero-grade *yé-present)[2][3]
  • *ksén-ti-s ~ ksn̥-téy-s[1]
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: sentis (thorn) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ksén-tu-s ~ ksn̥-téw-s
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: sentus (thorny) (see there for further descendants)


  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “ks-en-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 585
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*ksen-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 371
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ξαίνω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1033