Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/léykʷt

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Athematic root verb of the root *leykʷ-.

VerbEdit

*léykʷt (perfective)[1]

  1. to leave

InflectionEdit

Perfective, athematic
3rd singular *léykʷt
3rd plural *likʷént
Active voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *léykʷm̥ *léykʷoh₂ *likʷyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *léykʷs *léykʷ, *likʷdʰí *léykʷesi *likʷyéh₁s
3rd singular *léykʷt *léykʷtu *léykʷeti *likʷyéh₁t
1st dual *likwé *léykʷowos *likʷih₁wé
2nd dual *likʷtóm *likʷtóm *léykʷetes *likʷih₁tóm
3rd dual *likʷtā́m *likʷtā́m *léykʷetes *likʷih₁tā́m
1st plural *likʷmé *léykʷomos *likʷih₁mé
2nd plural *likʷté *likʷté *léykʷete *likʷih₁té
3rd plural *likʷént *likʷéntu *léykʷonti *likʷih₁ént
Participle *likʷónts
Middle voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *likʷh₂é *léykʷoh₂er *likʷih₁h₂é
2nd singular *likʷth₂é *likʷsó *léykʷeth₂er *likʷih₁th₂é
3rd singular *likʷtó, *likʷó *? *léykʷetor *likʷih₁tó, *likʷih₁ó
1st dual *likwédʰh₂ *léykʷowosdʰh₂ *likʷih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *?
1st plural *likʷmédʰh₂ *léykʷomosdʰh₂ *likʷih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *likʷdʰh₂wé *likʷdʰh₂wé *léykʷedʰh₂we *likʷih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *likʷró, *likʷn̥tó *? *léykʷoror, *léykʷontor *likʷih₁ró, *likʷih₁n̥tó
Participle *likʷm̥h₁nós

DescendantsEdit

  • Balto-Slavic:
    • Lithuanian: likti (to stay) (possibly)
    • Slavic: *lixъ (remaining, odd number) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *līhwaną (to lend)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: λείπω (leípō, I leave)
  • Italic: *leikʷai

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN