This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Perhaps from *me-ms-, reduplicated form of *mes-.[1]



  1. flesh, meat

Derived termsEdit

  • *mems-eh₂[3][4]
    • Proto-Tocharian: *mʲənsa[4]
      • Tocharian B: [Term?] (mīsa)
  • *mḗms[5] (< *méms-s) (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “membrum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 370-371
  2. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kobayashi, Masato (2004) Historical Phonology of Old Indo-Aryan Consonants (Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa Monograph Series; 42)‎[2], Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, →ISBN, pages 96
  5. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “mēmso-t mē(m)s-ro-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 725