Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/mosgʰós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly continues earlier *most-gʰ-os, perhaps compare Sanskrit मस्तृहन् (mastṛhan, brain), Tocharian B mrestīwe (marrow), from *móst-r̥ ~ *mést-n̥s.[1][2]

NounEdit

*mosgʰós m[3]

  1. marrow
  2. brain

InflectionEdit

Thematic
singular
nominative *mosgʰós
genitive *mosgʰósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *mosgʰós *mosgʰóh₁ *mosgʰóes
vocative *mosgʰé *mosgʰóh₁ *mosgʰóes
accusative *mosgʰóm *mosgʰóh₁ *mosgʰóms
genitive *mosgʰósyo *? *mosgʰóHom
ablative *mosgʰéad *? *mosgʰómos
dative *mosgʰóey *? *mosgʰómos
locative *mosgʰéy, *mosgʰóy *? *mosgʰóysu
instrumental *mosgʰóh₁ *? *mosgʰṓys

Derived termsEdit

  • *mosgʰ-ḗn ~ *m̥sgʰ-nés[4][5]
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *masgen (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *mazǰʰā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • *mesgʰ-os[6]
    • >? Proto-Celtic: *mezgos (whey) (see there for further descendants)

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *masgás (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *mazgą (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *mazgʰás (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lubotsky, A.M. (2008a), “Indo-European clusters and compounds: methodology and evidence”, in Lecture held at the 13th Indo-Germanische Fachtagung, 21-27 September 2008, Salzburg
  2. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “mrestīwe”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 514-515
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*mosghos”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, pages 185-186
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “smagenys”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 413
  5. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (1988) The System of Nominal Accentuation in Sanskrit and Proto-Indo-European[1], Brill, page 110
  6. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*mezgo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 270