Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/tḱéyti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Athematic root present of the root *tḱey-.

VerbEdit

*tḱéyti (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to settle, to populate
  2. to live, to dwell (i.e to be settled)
  3. to cultivate

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, athematic
3rd singular *tḱéyti
3rd plural *tḱyénti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *tḱéymi *tḱḗm *tḱéyoh₂ *tḱiyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *tḱéysi *tḱéys *tḱéy, *tḱidʰí *tḱéyesi *tḱiyéh₁s
3rd singular *tḱéyti *tḱéyt *tḱéytu *tḱéyeti *tḱiyéh₁t
1st dual *tḱiwós *tḱiwé *tḱéyowos *tḱyih₁wé
2nd dual *tḱités *tḱitóm *tḱitóm *tḱéyetes *tḱyih₁tóm
3rd dual *tḱités *tḱitā́m *tḱitā́m *tḱéyetes *tḱyih₁tā́m
1st plural *tḱimós *tḱimé *tḱéyomos *tḱyih₁mé
2nd plural *tḱité *tḱité *tḱité *tḱéyete *tḱyih₁té
3rd plural *tḱyénti *tḱyént *tḱyéntu *tḱéyonti *tḱyih₁ént
Participle *tḱyónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *tḱih₂ér *tḱih₂é *tḱéyoh₂er *tḱyih₁h₂é
2nd singular *tḱith₂ér *tḱith₂é *tḱisó *tḱéyeth₂er *tḱyih₁th₂é
3rd singular *tḱitór, *tḱyór *tḱitó, *tḱyó *? *tḱéyetor *tḱyih₁tó, *tḱyih₁ó
1st dual *tḱiwósdʰh₂ *tḱiwédʰh₂ *tḱéyowosdʰh₂ *tḱyih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *tḱimósdʰh₂ *tḱimédʰh₂ *tḱéyomosdʰh₂ *tḱyih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *tḱidʰh₂wé *tḱidʰh₂wé *tḱidʰh₂wé *tḱéyedʰh₂we *tḱyih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *tḱirór, *tḱyn̥tór *tḱiró, *tḱyn̥tó *? *tḱéyoror, *tḱéyontor *tḱyih₁ró, *tḱyih₁n̥tó
Participle *tḱym̥h₁nós

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “k̑þei̯-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 626
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*tk̑ei̯-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 643-644