Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/pungō

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-ItalicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *pewǵ- (prick, punch). Near cognates include Ancient Greek πυγμή (pugmḗ, fist).

VerbEdit

*pungō[1]

  1. to prick, to sting

InflectionEdit

Inflection of *pungō (third conjugation)
Present *pungō
Perfect *pepugai
Past participle *puktos
Present indicative Active Passive
1st sing. *pungō *pungōr
2nd sing. *punges *pungezo
3rd sing. *punget *pungetor
1st plur. *pungomos *pungomor
2nd plur. *pungetes *pungem(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *pungont *pungontor
Present subjunctive Active Passive
1st sing. *pungām *pungār
2nd sing. *pungās *pungāzo
3rd sing. *pungād *pungātor
1st plur. *pungāmos *pungāmor
2nd plur. *pungātes *pungām(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *pungānd *pungāntor
Perfect indicative Active
1st sing. *pepugai
2nd sing. *pepugistai
3rd sing. *pepuge(d)
1st plur. *pepugomos
2nd plur. *pepugistes
3rd plur. *pepugēri
Present imperative Active Passive
2nd sing. *punge *pungezo
2nd plur. *pungete
Future imperative Active
2nd + 3rd sing. *pungetōd
Participles Present Past
*pungents *puktos
Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
*puktum *pungezi

DescendantsEdit

  • Latin: pungō

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN