Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pewǵ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably not related to *pewḱ- (pine).[1]

RootEdit

*pewǵ-[1][2][3][4]

  1. to punch, fist-fight
  2. to prick, poke, stab

Derived termsEdit

  • *péwǵ-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Germanic: *feukaną
  • >? *puǵ-eh₂yéti
    • Germanic: *fukkōną (to strike, copulate) (see there for further descendants)
  • *pu-né-ǵ-ti ~ *pu-n-ǵ-énti (nasal-infix present)[2]
  • *puǵ-i-h₃onh₂-
  • *puǵ-lis[1]
  • *puǵ-méh₂
  • *puǵ-nó-s[2]
  • *puǵ-s
    • Hellenic: *púks
      • Ancient Greek: πύξ (púx, with fists, in a fist-fight)
  • *puǵ-teh₂t-s
  • >? *pu-n-ǵ-sti-s
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
    • Germanic: *funstiz (fist) (< *funkstiz)
      • West Germanic: *fūsti (see there for further descendants)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) , “πυγμή”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1254: “*puḱ, *puǵ- 'sting'”
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “pungō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 499: “*pu-n(e)g/k-”
  3. ^ pugnacious” in the Collins English Dictionary: “*peuĝ-, to punch”
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) , “*peug- 'prick, poke'”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 377