Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/s-r(j)a-j/s/t

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *s-r(y)a-y/s/t (Matisoff, STEDT), *rya-t (Benedict, 1972; LaPolla, 1987; Michailovsky, 1991); *ryɑ-t (Chou, 1972)

VerbEdit

*s-r(j)a-j/s/t

  1. to laugh

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*tʰrər/ (B-S), /*tʰɯl/ (ZS) ("to laugh"); /*qʰran/ (ZS) ("a way of laughing")
    • Middle Chinese: (thrij); (hiᴇn)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: བཞད་པ (bzhad pa, to laugh, smile), གཞའ་བ (gzha' ba, to joke, play), གཞས (gzhas, joke, play, song)
    • Kiranti
      /*rit-/ ("laugh") (Michailovsky, 1991)
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • rGyalrongic
      • Japhug: (nɤ)re
      • Situ: (na)ri
      • Tshobdun:
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*ray¹/ ("laugh") (Matisoff, 2003)
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ရယ် (rai, to laugh)
        • Lhaovo: qi (to laugh) (IPA: [ɣì])
      • Loloish
        /*ray¹/ ("laugh") (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (yy, to laugh, smile)
        • Central Loloish

See alsoEdit