Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/cěsta

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Most likely akin to *cěstiti (to clean) +‎ *-a. Possibly an old calque of Latin strāta (paved road) or Ancient Greek πλατεῖα (plateîa, street), which according to Skok explains its limited distribution. According to Derksen, the best etymology is by Zubatý 1894 who connects it with Lithuanian káišti (to scrape), Proto-Indo-Iranian *káyćas (curl of hair) from Proto-Indo-European *keyḱ- (to snap), with "road" being a "worn path" or "flattened/cleared path"; compare Latin via trita (beaten path, safe path) and Polish utarta droga.

Alternatively, from pre-Slavic *cětta/*cědta related to Proto-Germanic *haiþī (heath, wasteland), Proto-Brythonic *koɨd (forest) from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keyt- (to cleanse, to cut) or to Latin scissus (cut, split), Ancient Greek σχῐστός (skhistós, cloven, dissected) from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keyd- (to split, to cleave).

NounEdit

*cě̀sta f[1][2][3]

  1. road
    Synonyms: *dorga, *pǫtь, *stьdza

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*cě̀sta”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 76: “f. ā (a) ‘road’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “cěsta”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “a (SA 177)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “cẹ́sta”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*cě̋sta”