Reconstruction:Proto-Uralic/käle

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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-UralicEdit

ReconstructionEdit

Reconstructed as *keele in the UEW, mainly on the basis of Finnic. Sammallahti (1988) reconstruct *käxle; according to Aikio (2012), it is not necessary to posit a separate element *x, and vowel length in Finnic can be considered the result of secondary lengthening.

NounEdit

*käle

  1. tongue
  2. language

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Samoyedic: *käə(j)
  • Ugric:
    • Khanty:
      • Eastern: кӧл (köl)
      • Northern: [script needed] (keł)
  • Permic:
  • Mordvinic:
  • Samic: *kielë (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *keeli (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.

External linksEdit

  • Entry #280 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.