This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. nest


  • Proto-Samoyedic: *pitä
    • Nganasan: [script needed] (ɸə̥t̆te)
    • Enets: пиде
      • Forest Enets: [Term?] (fide)
      • Tundra Enets: [Term?] (fire)
    • Nenets:
      • Tundra Nenets: пидя (ṕiďja)
      • Forest Nenets: [Term?]
    • Selkup: [script needed] (pity)
    • Kamassian: [script needed] (phidä)
    • Mator: [Term?] (иды)
  • Ugric:
  • Proto-Permic: *pɔ̇z
    • Komi:
    • Udmurt: пуз (puz, egg)
  • Mari:
  • Mordvinic:
  • Proto-Samic: *peasē (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Finnic: *pesä (see there for further descendants)


  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.
  • Häkkinen, Kaisa (2013). Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja. Helsinki: Sanoma Pro OY. →ISBN.
  • Ante Aikio, Studies in Uralic Etymology V: Permic Etymologies.

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