Notes on rhymes

  • Two words are rhymes if they are stressed on the same syllable, counting from the end of the words, and are pronounced identically from the vowel in their stressed syllable to the end, but have different consonants immediately before that vowel.
  • Wiktionary follows this strict definition of a rhyme. For example:
    • comprat, meitat and escarabat are all rhymes, because they are all stressed on the final syllable and are pronounced identically from the vowel sound in that syllable to the end of the word.
    • enriquit and líquid are not rhymes, as they are stressed on different syllables (the final and penultimate syllables, respectively).
    • fet and desfet are not rhymes, as they are pronounced identically in their stressed and following syllables (but they have both the -et rhyme).
  • Vowel reduction in unstressed syllables is not shown in rhymes, as not all Catalan varieties have this. The only reduction shared by all of them is the collapse of /ɛ/ into /e/ and /ɔ/ into /o/.

Organization of rhymes


Rhymes in Wiktionary are organized using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). See w:Wikipedia:IPA for Catalan for examples of how the IPA may be used to represent the sounds of Catalan.

front back
close -i-
close-mid -e-
open-mid -ɛ-
open -a-

As there are 5 unstressed vowels in Western Catalan (a, e, i, o, u), while 3 in standard Central Catalan (ə, i, u) and 4 in Mallorcan (ə, i, o, u), it is preferred to represent rhymes in Western Catalan (including Valencian) with regard to vowels. Also, it is preferred to differentiate b/β from v, useful for dialects without betacism.

See also