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Joined 2 November 2010
cmn 該用戶母語中文
cmn-4 該用戶的國語還算標準

罗马当然非一日建成。不过要有人一边盖一边拆,抑或干脆向水平的方向建造,再或找些根本不会建楼的人来搅和,那么这座大楼永远也建不成。



User:Wjcd/py-ipa/doc


User:Wjcd/korer/doc




Next step:

  • Korean romaniser
  • Japanese romaniser
  • Japanese conjugator
  • Korean conjugator


влияние-wise Latin and Chinese are the same, except that Latin words tend to be distorted semantically, sometimes quite significantly, and that Latin is dead.


一 OC *qlig > MC ʔiIt > MSC i˥ > ...?

我 OC *ŋaalʔ > MC na上 > MSC uo˨˩˧ > ...?

力 OC *[g]rɯɡ > MC liek > MSC li˥˩ > ...?

origin of hanzi, phono-semantic characters - most have etymological connections to the phonetic component? Were inventors of hanzi aware of the phonological processes in word formation in Old Chinese and proto-Chinese? s- causative, voiceless/voiced initial alteration, l- prefix


各 (k-) 落 骆 珞 洛 (l-) 格 咯 胳 (g-) 恪 (kʰ-) -> 各 OC *klaag (consonant cluster)

黑 (x-) 墨 默 (m-) -> 黑 OC *hmlɯɯg

兑 (t-) 说 (ʂ-) 悦 (j-) -> 兑 OC *g-loods

禀 (p-) 凛 懔 廪 (l-) -> 禀 OC *prɯmʔ

佥 签 (tɕʰ-) 脸 敛 殓 (l-) 捡 检 睑 剑 (tɕ-) 验 (i-) -> 佥 OC *skhlam


Middle Korean, 1500s, ptis -> ttis 뜻, psi -> ssi 씨. some modern fortis and aspirated < merger of lenis. < < consonant cluster

realisation of coda ㅅㅌㅈㅋㅊ (-t̚); CVCC realised differently in different environments. 값 (kaps)


Japanese prenasalisation 被覆形 露出形 final -t 雪隱 setin renjō

MSJ watashi < EMJ wa, ware < OJ wa(re) (re: particle), MSK na, OC *ŋaalʔ

Sinification K&J disastrous こうしょう 전화


Hangeul readability to an unfamiliar reader? supremacy? vowel harmony ↗ ↙

Vietnamese tonogenesis. OC with tones?

can a language survive in a speaker num. 1:100 environment? for how many generations?

if you as speaker of a dialect decides not to speak to your children in that dialect like others, the dialect is likely to co-pass away with you. mất

chinese becomes prestigious when vietnam is under chinese control. Likewise for japanese and korean. massive borrowing. But when chinese falls under Manchu control, Manchu language dies.

自古九州之内,風土雖異,未有因方言而别爲文字者。唯蒙古、西夏、女真、日本、西蕃之類,各有其字。是皆夷狄事耳。无足道者……歷代中国皆以我國有箕子遺風,文物禮樂,比拟中華。今别作諺文,舍中國而自同于夷狄,是所謂棄蘇合之香,而取螗螂之丸也;豈非文明之累哉?

籠毛與美籠母乳布久思毛與美夫君志持此岳爾菜採須兒家吉閑名告沙根