Wiktionary:About Lower Sorbian

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Lower Sorbian (ISO 639-3: dsb, dolnoserbski; also called Lower Lusatian or Lower Wendish) is an endangered West Slavic language spoken in southeastern Brandenburg, Germany. Entries in Lower Sorbian at Wiktionary follow the same basic entry layout as is used throughout the dictionary.

Pronunciation information can be added in IPA, following the conventions of Appendix:Lower Sorbian pronunciation.

The headword line information can be added using one of the headword-line templates (if available) or else {{head}} in the usual way.

Sorting: When sorting terms in categories, treat ó as o since these two letters are alphabetically equivalent in Lower Sorbian. Other letters with diacritics should be kept separate from the simple letters.


Headword-line templates are available for nouns, verbs, and adjectives:

  • {{dsb-noun}} includes parameters for gender, number (in the case of dualia and pluralia tantum), diminutive form, and opposite-gender form.
  • {{dsb-verb}} includes a parameter for aspect.
  • {{dsb-adjective}} includes parameters for comparative and adverbial forms.

For other parts of speech, please use {{head}}.

For non-lemma forms of adjectives, determiners, nouns, numerals, proper noun, pronouns, participles, and verbs, please use {{inflection of}}.

Declension table templates are available for nouns, adjectives, and determiners. Their names refer to the numbered declension classes of the two major Lower Sorbian dictionaries, Jannusch's Deutsch-niedersorbisches Wörterbuch/Słownik němsko-delnjoserbski and Starosta's Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik/Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch.

For an overview of the declension tables for nouns, see Appendix:Lower Sorbian nouns.

The declension tables available for adjectives (including present active and perfect passive participles) are:

  • {{dsb-decl-adj-47}} for adjectives ending in a hard consonant other than -g or -k
  • {{dsb-decl-adj-48}} for adjectives ending in -g, -k, or a soft consonant.

The declension table for perfect active participles (“ł-forms”) is:

For determiners there is:

Conjugation table templates are available for some conjugation classes. So far we have:

  • {{dsb-conj-62}}: verbs ending in -owaś, -ujo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-63}}: verbs ending in -nuś, -njo (plus a few archaic forms; o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-66}}: type of piś, pijo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-67}}: type of laś, lejo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-68}}: type of chromjeś, chromjejo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-69}}: type of kšajaś, kšajo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-70}}: type of pisaś, pišo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-71}}: type of njasć, njaso (o-conjugation) (also includes class 72, type of pjac, pjaco, pjaku)
  • {{dsb-conj-73a}}: type of wjasć, wjeźo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-73b}}: type of mjasć, mjeśo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-74a}}: type of braś, bjerjo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-74d}}: type of praś, pjerjo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-75}}: type of naźěłaś, naźěłajo (perfective; o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-76}}: type of źěłaś, źěła (mostly imperfective; a-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-77}}: type of topiś, topi (mostly imperfective; i-conjugation) (also includes class 78, type of paliś, pali)
  • {{dsb-conj-79}}: type of zatopiś, zatopijo and zapaliś, zapalijo (perfective; o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-80}}: type of licyś, licy (mostly imperfective; i-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-81}}: type of wulicyś, wulicyjo (perfective; o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-82}}: type of słyšaś, słyšy and śišćaś, śišći (mostly imperfective; i-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-83}}: type of wusłyšaś, wusłyšyjo and wuśišćaś, wuśišćijo (perfective; o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-84}}: type of leśeś, leśi and śerpjeś, śerpi (mostly imperfective; i-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-86a}}: type of spaś, spi (i-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-87}}: type of brojś, broj (j-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-88}}: type of stojaś, stoj (j-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-89a}}: type of wěźeś, (irregular)
  • {{dsb-conj-89b}}: type of jěsć, (irregular)
  • {{dsb-conj-92}}: type of pśiś, pśiźo and dojś, dojźo (o-conjugation)
  • {{dsb-conj-93}}: type of jěś, jěźo (o-conjugation)


Lower Sorbian is a limited-documentation language, meaning that words are considered cited with a single use or even a single mention in a reliable published source. Online sources are rare; one good one is Nowy Casnik, a Lower Sorbian–language print newspaper with an online edition that includes freely available archives of its articles back to 2009. Good print sources include the two dictionaries mentioned above, as well as textbooks:

  • Hannusch, Erwin. 1998. Niedersorbisch praktisch und verständlich. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag. →ISBN.
  • Jannasch, Klaus-Peter. 1990. Deutsch-niedersorbisches Wörterbuch/Słownik němsko-delnjoserbski. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag. →ISBN.
  • Starosta, Manfred. 1991. Niedersorbisch schnell und intensiv: Lehrbuch für Fortgeschrittene und sorabistisch Interessierte. 2 vols. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag. →ISBN (vol. 1) and →ISBN (vol. 2).
  • Starosta, Manfred. 1999. Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik/Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag. →ISBN.

Terms should display the {{LDL|dsb}} template if they use fewer than three uses to verify an entry, which produces the following output:

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Lower Sorbian is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.