Appendix:Lower Sorbian pronunciation

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Lower Sorbian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

Consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English approximation
b invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː baba booty
b, bjachaŕ beauty
ç invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː nicht huge
ɕ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː śamny, wobraź, pišćaŕ sheet
d invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː dawaś do
d͡z invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː łdza adze
d͡ʑ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː rozěliś jeans
d͡ʒ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ła June
f invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː faraŕ, archiw fool
figa, šefje fuel
ɡ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː gano goon
ɡʲ ginuś, gjarnc ambiguity
h invalid IPA characters ([:g]), replace : with ː, g with ɡ hela have
j invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː jajo, sajźaś, wjacor you
k invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː kazaś, rog coop
kisały, kjarl cute
l invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː lampa lamp
lipa million
m invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː mama moot
mica, mjasec mute
n invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː nan no
niski, njamam, mań onion
ŋ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː kanka, bengel long
ŋʲ śańki avuncular
p invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː papa, zub pooh
p, pjas pew
r invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː rada rude but trilled; also [ʁ] as in German rot
rigotaś, rjeśaz, keŕ read but tapped; also [ʁ] as in German rot
s invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː sam, raz soup
ʃ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː šantk, kaž shoot
t invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː tam, kład time
t͡ɕ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː sćěna, asaś, góz cheese
t͡s invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː cakaś cats
t͡ʃ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː čaj, awa choose
wina, wjedro view
w invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː łapiś, kisałe, słowo, wariś, barwa, wałma, sławny was
x invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː chach No common English equivalent; Scots loch or Yinglish chutzpah
z invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː zabyś zoo
ʑ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː źaseś No common English equivalent; like the s of measure but palatalized
ʒ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː žaba measure
Vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English approximation
a invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː nan father
e invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː dej, jeleń, wójna, měj gate
ɛ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː derje, góla, sobota, na źěło wet
i invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː lipa bee
iɪ̯ něga see it but contracted into a single syllable
ɨ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː góla, šyroki No common English equivalent; like bit but with the tongue retracted
o invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː rowny, šołta goat
ɔ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː togodla bought
u invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ruka you
Supersegmentals
IPA Explanation
ˈ invalid IPA characters ([:g]), replace : with ː, g with ɡ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), for example internat [intɛrˈnat]

ReferencesEdit

  • Starosta, Manfred (1999). Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik – Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch, pp. 15–21. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag. ISBN 3-7420-1096-4.