Appendix:Lower Sorbian pronunciation

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Lower Sorbian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

Consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English approximation
b invalid IPA characters ([:]) baba booty
b, bjachaŕ beauty
ç invalid IPA characters ([:]) nicht huge
ɕ invalid IPA characters ([:]) śamny, wobraź, pišćaŕ sheet
d invalid IPA characters ([:]) dawaś do
d͡z invalid IPA characters ([:]) łdza adze
d͡ʑ invalid IPA characters ([:]) rozěliś jeans
d͡ʒ invalid IPA characters ([:]) ła June
f invalid IPA characters ([:]) faraŕ, archiw fool
figa, šefje fuel
ɡ invalid IPA characters ([:]) gano goon
ɡʲ ginuś, gjarnc ambiguity
h invalid IPA characters ([:g]) hela have
j invalid IPA characters ([:]) jajo, sajźaś, wjacor you
k invalid IPA characters ([:]) kazaś, rog coop
kisały, kjarl cute
l invalid IPA characters ([:]) lampa lamp
lipa million
m invalid IPA characters ([:]) mama moot
mica, mjasec mute
n invalid IPA characters ([:]) nan no
niski, njamam, mań onion
ŋ invalid IPA characters ([:]) kanka, bengel long
ŋʲ śańki avuncular
p invalid IPA characters ([:]) papa, zub pooh
p, pjas pew
r invalid IPA characters ([:]) rada rude but trilled; also [ʁ] as in German rot
rigotaś, rjeśaz, keŕ read but tapped; also [ʁ] as in German rot
s invalid IPA characters ([:]) sam, raz soup
ʃ invalid IPA characters ([:]) šantk, kaž shoot
t invalid IPA characters ([:]) tam, kład time
t͡ɕ invalid IPA characters ([:]) sćěna, asaś, góz cheese
t͡s invalid IPA characters ([:]) cakaś cats
t͡ʃ invalid IPA characters ([:]) čaj, awa choose
wina, wjedro view
w invalid IPA characters ([:]) łapiś, kisałe, słowo, wariś, barwa, wałma, sławny was
x invalid IPA characters ([:]) chach No common English equivalent; Scots loch or Yinglish chutzpah
z invalid IPA characters ([:]) zabyś zoo
ʑ invalid IPA characters ([:]) źaseś No common English equivalent; like the s of measure but palatalized
ʒ invalid IPA characters ([:]) žaba measure
Vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English approximation
a invalid IPA characters ([:]) nan father
e invalid IPA characters ([:]) dej, jeleń, wójna, měj gate
ɛ invalid IPA characters ([:]) derje, góla, sobota, na źěło wet
i invalid IPA characters ([:]) lipa bee
iɪ̯ něga see it but contracted into a single syllable
ɨ invalid IPA characters ([:]) góla, šyroki No common English equivalent; like bit but with the tongue retracted
o invalid IPA characters ([:]) rowny, šołta goat
ɔ invalid IPA characters ([:]) togodla bought
u invalid IPA characters ([:]) ruka you
Supersegmentals
IPA Explanation
ˈ invalid IPA characters ([:g]) Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), for example internat [intɛrˈnat]

ReferencesEdit

  • Starosta, Manfred (1999). Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik – Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch, pp. 15–21. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag. ISBN 3-7420-1096-4.