axamenta

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From axō (I name, nominate) +‎ -mentum.

According to Lewis & Smith, from the sense of 'plank' of axis, as that's what the poems were written on.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

axāmenta n pl (genitive axāmentōrum); second declension

  1. religious hymns, which were annually sung by the Salii
    • 8th C. C.E., Paulus Diaconus (author), Karl Otfried Müller (editor), Excerpta ex libris Pompeii Festi De significatione verborum (1839), page 3, line 6:
      Axāmenta dīcēbantur carmina Saliāria, quae ā Saliīs sacerdōtibus canēbantur, in ūnīversōs hominēs composita. Nam in deōs singulōs versūs factī ā nōminibus eōrum appellābantur, ut Iānulī, Iūnōniī, Minerviī.
      Axamenta were called the incantations of the Salii, which were sung by the Salii priests, written for all people. Because verses written for individual gods were called by their names, like Janus verses, Juno verses, Minerva verses.

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter), plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative axāmenta
Genitive axāmentōrum
Dative axāmentīs
Accusative axāmenta
Ablative axāmentīs
Vocative axāmenta

ReferencesEdit