Alternative formsEdit


Unknown, first attested 1295. Perhaps borrowed from Persian چماهن(čumâhan, agate) or Arabic قَمَائِل(qamāʾil, buds of a flower).[1][2][3] Compare French camaïeu.


camaeus m (genitive camaeī); second declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) cameo (jewellery carved in relief)


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative camaeus camaeī
Genitive camaeī camaeōrum
Dative camaeō camaeīs
Accusative camaeum camaeōs
Ablative camaeō camaeīs
Vocative camaee camaeī


  • Italian: cammeo
  • Portuguese: camafeu
  • Spanish: camafeo


  • camaeus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976) , “camahutus”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • Plantzos, Dimitros (1996) , “Hellenistic Cameos: Problems of Classification and Chronology”, in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, volume 41, issue 1, pages 115–116
  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021) , “cameo”, in Online Etymology Dictionary
  2. ^ Du. (1958). Germany: Conzett & Huber..
  3. ^ Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN, pages 287