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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From circumvallate.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sɜːkəmvæˈleɪʃən/

NounEdit

circumvallation (plural circumvallations)

  1. A rampart or other defensive entrenchment that entirely encircles the position being defended.
    • 1761, Laurence Sterne, The Life & Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, vol. 3, Penguin 2003, p. 201:
      [...] and in a word, would intrench and fortify them round with as many circumvallations and breast-works, as my uncle Toby would a citadel.
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe:
      The Saxon architect had exhausted his art in rendering the main keep defensible, and there was no other circumvallation than a rude barrier of palisades.
    • 1901, Henry James, Flickerbridge:
      He just managed to finish her in time—the day before the date fixed for his breaking ground on a greater business still, the circumvallation of Mrs. Dunn.

TranslationsEdit