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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ἐπίσκοπος (epískopos, overseer), from ἐπί (epí, over) + σκοπός (skopós, watcher, lookout, guardian).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

episcopus m (genitive episcopī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) an overseer, supervisor, bishop in a Christian church who governs a diocese
  2. (Medieval Latin, chess, uncommon) a bishop
    • Middle Ages, by an unknown author called Pseudo-Ovidius (in older works sometimes said to be attributed to a person named Pamphilius Mauritianus), poem de vetula. In: Mittellateinische Studien und Texte. Band II: Pseudo-Ovidus de vetula, edited by Karl Langosch, 1967, p. 216: [1][2]
      Sex species saltus exercent sex quoque scaci,
      miles et alphinus, roccus, rex, virgo pedesque.
      [...]
      Campos, signa, modos, saliendi, scito, planetas:
      Rex est Sol, pedes est Saturnus, Mars quoque miles,
      regia virgo Venus, alphinus episcopus ipse est
      Iupiter, et roccus discurrens Luna.

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative episcopus episcopī
genitive episcopī episcopōrum
dative episcopō episcopīs
accusative episcopum episcopōs
ablative episcopō episcopīs
vocative episcope episcopī

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (chess): alphinus (in older times, for older chess)

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculi, milites scaccorum (layout · text)
           
rex regina turris episcopus eques pedes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ A. van der Linde, Der Roch. Zur wissenschaftlichen Entscheidung einer heraldischen Streitfrage, in: Vierteljahrsschrift für Heraldik, Sphragistik und Genealogie. I. Jahrgang, Berlin, 1873, p. 250: "Ein unbekannter lateinischer Dichter des Mittelalters hat die Schachfiguren sogar astronomisch gedeutet: [cite] Das Gedicht ist dem Ovid beigelegt worden!"
  2. ^ H. F. Maßmann, Geschichte des mittelalterlichen, vorzugsweise des Deutschen Schachspieles, 1838, p. 41: "Das dem Pamphilius Mauritianus zugeschriebene lat. Gedicht (De Vetula) hat noch beide Ausdrücke Alphinus und Episcopus vereint 90)." and "90) [cite] – In Fabricii Bibliotheca Med. et. Inf. Lat. v. 356; gedruckt durch Goldast. 1610. 8."