ér

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Contents

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

ér

Controversial origin

NounEdit

ér ‎(plural erek)

  1. rill

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Uralic *särä ‎(vein, root).

NounEdit

ér ‎(plural erek)

  1. (anatomy) blood vessel, vein
  2. (botany) vein (a thickened portion of the leaf containing the vascular bundle)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (plural in -ek, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ér erek
accusative eret ereket
dative érnek ereknek
instrumental érrel erekkel
causal-final érért erekért
translative érré erekké
terminative érig erekig
essive-formal érként erekként
essive-modal
inessive érben erekben
superessive eren ereken
adessive érnél ereknél
illative érbe erekbe
sublative érre erekre
allative érhez erekhez
elative érből erekből
delative érről erekről
ablative értől erektől
Possessive forms of ér
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. erem ereim
2nd person sing. ered ereid
3rd person sing. ere erei
1st person plural erünk ereink
2nd person plural eretek ereitek
3rd person plural erük ereik
Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

Etymology 3Edit

Origin uncertain; perhaps from a Turkic language, compare Uyghuric är-, Chagatay ir-, Turkish er- ‎(reach) verb forms.

VerbEdit

ér

  1. to reach
    • 1863, János Arany, Buda halála,[1] canto 6:
      Értek vala éjszakára / Kur vizének a partjára; / Folyóvíznek partja mellett / Paripájok jól legelhet.
  2. to catch (to discover unexpectedly; to surprise)
    • 1974, Leo Tolstoy (author), László Németh (translator), Anna Karenina [Anna Karenina], Bucharest: Kriterion Könyvkiadó (1989), ISBN 9732600047, volume 1, part 1, chapter 1, page 7:
      Az történt vele ebben a pillanatban, ami az emberrel történni szokott, ha váratlanul igen szégyenletes dolgon érik. Arcát nem tudta a helyzethez szabni, amelybe bűne felfedésével a felesége előtt került.
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
  • (to discover unexpectedly, to surprise): rajtakap
Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

(Expressions):

Etymology 4Edit

From ér ("reach").

VerbEdit

ér

  1. be worth
Derived termsEdit

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ér (Zhuyin ㄦˊ)

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