From Old French estover (obligation).


estover (usually uncountable, plural estovers)

  1. (archaic, law, historical) An allowance provided from an estate for a person's support; an allowance of wood for repairs, firewood and fencing.
    • 1873, Alfred John Horwood, Year Books of the Reign of King Edward the First: XXI-XXII:
      Your husband was seised of only one carucate of land, to which was appurtenant house-bote and hay-bote to be taken in that wood for burning at only one hearth in his chief messuage ; and if you by reason of your third part could in that wood take house-bote and hay-bote at your pleasure, there would be taken house-bote and hay-bote and fuel for two hearths, whereas they were previously appendant to only one hearth: wherefore, estovers for house-bote &c. you can not have; and we paray judgment.
  2. (law, historical) Estovers.

Usage notesEdit

Now only used in the plural.

Related termsEdit



Old FrenchEdit



  1. (impersonal) Alternative form of estovoir


This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a stressed present stem estuev distinct from the unstressed stem estov, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.


estover m (oblique plural estovers, nominative singular estovers, nominative plural estover)

  1. Alternative form of estovoir