euskara

See also: Euskara

BasqueEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ostensibly from Proto-Basque *euskala. It certainly contains the suffix -(k)era, -(k)ara (in the manner of) added to some rather obscure first element. This component may be connected to Ausci, the Latin name of an Aquitanian tribe documented by Pliny, although the initial diphthongs are different.[1]

Alternatively, it has been pointed out that the historiographer Esteban de Garibay (1533-1599) wrote euskara as enusquera, with intervocalic -n-. Thus, the unknown component could also be interpreted as coming from Proto-Basque *enauśi (to say, tell), whence the stem -io- (or -iño in Biscayan) of Modern Basque esan. The entire compound would therefore mean “way of saying”.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /eu̯s̺kaɾa/, [e̞u̯s̺.ka.ɾa]

NounEdit

euskara

  1. The Basque language

DeclensionEdit

Declension of euskara (inanimate, singular only, ending in -a)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive euskara euskara
ergative euskarak
dative euskarari
genitive euskararen
comitative euskararekin
causative euskararengatik
benefactive euskararentzat
instrumental euskaraz euskaraz
inessive euskaran
locative
allative
terminative
directive
destinative
ablative
partitive euskararik
prolative euskaratzat

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 euskara” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Further readingEdit

  • euskara” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • "euskara" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

euskara m (plural euskaras)

  1. Alternative spelling of euskera

Further readingEdit