See also: Himmel

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Danish himæn, himæl, from Old Norse himinn, from Proto-Germanic *himinaz, cognate with Norwegian, Swedish himmel, English heaven, German Himmel. The modern Scandinavian form with -l is influenced by German.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /heməl/, [ˈheml̩]

NounEdit

himmel c (singular definite himlen or himmelen, plural indefinite himle)

  1. sky
  2. (religion) heaven (a residence of supernatural, celestial beings)

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

himmel

  1. inflection of himmeln:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. singular imperative

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse himinn, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *himinaz (cloud cover, sky). Influenced by German Himmel.

NounEdit

himmel m (definite singular himmelen, indefinite plural himler, definite plural himlene)

  1. sky (atmosphere above a point)
  2. heaven (paradise)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse himinn, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *himinaz (cloud cover, sky). Influenced by German Himmel.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

himmel m (definite singular himmelen, indefinite plural himlar, definite plural himlane)

  1. sky (atmosphere above a point)
  2. heaven (paradise)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish himil, from Old Saxon himil, from Proto-West Germanic *himil. Replaced Old Swedish himin, Old Norse himinn.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

himmel c

  1. sky
  2. heaven

Usage notesEdit

1. Alternative spellings for the definite singular exist:

  • himmelen - perhaps more often in reference to "heaven" as in "paradise"
  • himmeln

Similar for the genitive.
2. The dative plural himlom (instead of himmelen) is dated, but occurs in, e.g., older religious literature.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of himmel 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative himmel himlen himlar himlarna
Genitive himmels himlens himlars himlarnas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ himmel in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)