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PhuthiEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

-hlónípha

  1. to respect

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


SwaziEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

-hlónípha

  1. to respect

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

-hlónípha

  1. (transitive) to respect
    Synonym: -hlonela

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From amahloni +‎ -pha.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ɬoníːpʰa/

VerbEdit

-hlonípha

  1. (transitive) to respect, to honour
  2. (intransitive) to act respectfully
  3. (intransitive) to use avoidance speech

InflectionEdit

Tone H
Infinitive ukuhlonipha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuhlonipha ukungahloniphi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular hlonipha -hloniphe
Plural hloniphani -hlonipheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyahlonipha, ngihlonipha engihloniphayo, engihlonipha ngihlonipha angihloniphi engingahloniphi ngingahloniphi
2nd singular uyahlonipha, uhlonipha ohloniphayo, ohlonipha uhlonipha awuhloniphi ongahloniphi ungahloniphi
1st plural siyahlonipha, sihlonipha esihloniphayo, esihlonipha sihlonipha asihloniphi esingahloniphi singahloniphi
2nd plural niyahlonipha, nihlonipha enihloniphayo, enihlonipha nihlonipha anihloniphi eningahloniphi ningahloniphi
Class 1 uyahlonipha, uhlonipha ohloniphayo, ohlonipha ehlonipha akahloniphi ongahloniphi engahloniphi
Class 2 bayahlonipha, bahlonipha abahloniphayo, abahlonipha behlonipha abahloniphi abangahloniphi bengahloniphi
Class 3 uyahlonipha, uhlonipha ohloniphayo, ohlonipha uhlonipha awuhloniphi ongahloniphi ungahloniphi
Class 4 iyahlonipha, ihlonipha ehloniphayo, ehlonipha ihlonipha ayihloniphi engahloniphi ingahloniphi
Class 5 liyahlonipha, lihlonipha elihloniphayo, elihlonipha lihlonipha alihloniphi elingahloniphi lingahloniphi
Class 6 ayahlonipha, ahlonipha ahloniphayo, ahlonipha ehlonipha awahloniphi angahloniphi engahloniphi
Class 7 siyahlonipha, sihlonipha esihloniphayo, esihlonipha sihlonipha asihloniphi esingahloniphi singahloniphi
Class 8 ziyahlonipha, zihlonipha ezihloniphayo, ezihlonipha zihlonipha azihloniphi ezingahloniphi zingahloniphi
Class 9 iyahlonipha, ihlonipha ehloniphayo, ehlonipha ihlonipha ayihloniphi engahloniphi ingahloniphi
Class 10 ziyahlonipha, zihlonipha ezihloniphayo, ezihlonipha zihlonipha azihloniphi ezingahloniphi zingahloniphi
Class 11 luyahlonipha, luhlonipha oluhloniphayo, oluhlonipha luhlonipha aluhloniphi olungahloniphi lungahloniphi
Class 14 buyahlonipha, buhlonipha obuhloniphayo, obuhlonipha buhlonipha abuhloniphi obungahloniphi bungahloniphi
Class 15 kuyahlonipha, kuhlonipha okuhloniphayo, okuhlonipha kuhlonipha akuhloniphi okungahloniphi kungahloniphi
Class 17 kuyahlonipha, kuhlonipha okuhloniphayo, okuhlonipha kuhlonipha akuhloniphi okungahloniphi kungahloniphi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngihloniphile, ngihloniphē engihloniphile, engihloniphē ngihloniphile, ngihloniphē angihloniphanga engingahloniphanga ngingahloniphanga
2nd singular uhloniphile, uhloniphē ohloniphile, ohloniphē uhloniphile, uhloniphē awuhloniphanga ongahloniphanga ungahloniphanga
1st plural sihloniphile, sihloniphē esihloniphile, esihloniphē sihloniphile, sihloniphē asihloniphanga esingahloniphanga singahloniphanga
2nd plural nihloniphile, nihloniphē enihloniphile, enihloniphē nihloniphile, nihloniphē anihloniphanga eningahloniphanga ningahloniphanga
Class 1 uhloniphile, uhloniphē ohloniphile, ohloniphē ehloniphile, ehloniphē akahloniphanga ongahloniphanga engahloniphanga
Class 2 bahloniphile, bahloniphē abahloniphile, abahloniphē behloniphile, behloniphē abahloniphanga abangahloniphanga bengahloniphanga
Class 3 uhloniphile, uhloniphē ohloniphile, ohloniphē uhloniphile, uhloniphē awuhloniphanga ongahloniphanga ungahloniphanga
Class 4 ihloniphile, ihloniphē ehloniphile, ehloniphē ihloniphile, ihloniphē ayihloniphanga engahloniphanga ingahloniphanga
Class 5 lihloniphile, lihloniphē elihloniphile, elihloniphē lihloniphile, lihloniphē alihloniphanga elingahloniphanga lingahloniphanga
Class 6 ahloniphile, ahloniphē ahloniphile, ahloniphē ehloniphile, ehloniphē awahloniphanga angahloniphanga engahloniphanga
Class 7 sihloniphile, sihloniphē esihloniphile, esihloniphē sihloniphile, sihloniphē asihloniphanga esingahloniphanga singahloniphanga
Class 8 zihloniphile, zihloniphē ezihloniphile, ezihloniphē zihloniphile, zihloniphē azihloniphanga ezingahloniphanga zingahloniphanga
Class 9 ihloniphile, ihloniphē ehloniphile, ehloniphē ihloniphile, ihloniphē ayihloniphanga engahloniphanga ingahloniphanga
Class 10 zihloniphile, zihloniphē ezihloniphile, ezihloniphē zihloniphile, zihloniphē azihloniphanga ezingahloniphanga zingahloniphanga
Class 11 luhloniphile, luhloniphē oluhloniphile, oluhloniphē luhloniphile, luhloniphē aluhloniphanga olungahloniphanga lungahloniphanga
Class 14 buhloniphile, buhloniphē obuhloniphile, obuhloniphē buhloniphile, buhloniphē abuhloniphanga obungahloniphanga bungahloniphanga
Class 15 kuhloniphile, kuhloniphē okuhloniphile, okuhloniphē kuhloniphile, kuhloniphē akuhloniphanga okungahloniphanga kungahloniphanga
Class 17 kuhloniphile, kuhloniphē okuhloniphile, okuhloniphē kuhloniphile, kuhloniphē akuhloniphanga okungahloniphanga kungahloniphanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāhlonipha engāhlonipha ngāhlonipha angihloniphanga engingahloniphanga ngingahloniphanga
2nd singular wāhlonipha owāhlonipha wāhlonipha awuhloniphanga ongahloniphanga ungahloniphanga
1st plural sāhlonipha esāhlonipha sāhlonipha asihloniphanga esingahloniphanga singahloniphanga
2nd plural nāhlonipha enāhlonipha nāhlonipha anihloniphanga eningahloniphanga ningahloniphanga
Class 1 wāhlonipha owāhlonipha āhlonipha akahloniphanga ongahloniphanga engahloniphanga
Class 2 bāhlonipha abāhlonipha bāhlonipha abahloniphanga abangahloniphanga bengahloniphanga
Class 3 wāhlonipha owāhlonipha wāhlonipha awuhloniphanga ongahloniphanga ungahloniphanga
Class 4 yāhlonipha eyāhlonipha yāhlonipha ayihloniphanga engahloniphanga ingahloniphanga
Class 5 lāhlonipha elāhlonipha lāhlonipha alihloniphanga elingahloniphanga lingahloniphanga
Class 6 āhlonipha āhlonipha āhlonipha awahloniphanga angahloniphanga engahloniphanga
Class 7 sāhlonipha esāhlonipha sāhlonipha asihloniphanga esingahloniphanga singahloniphanga
Class 8 zāhlonipha ezāhlonipha zāhlonipha azihloniphanga ezingahloniphanga zingahloniphanga
Class 9 yāhlonipha eyāhlonipha yāhlonipha ayihloniphanga engahloniphanga ingahloniphanga
Class 10 zāhlonipha ezāhlonipha zāhlonipha azihloniphanga ezingahloniphanga zingahloniphanga
Class 11 lwāhlonipha olwāhlonipha lwāhlonipha aluhloniphanga olungahloniphanga lungahloniphanga
Class 14 bāhlonipha obāhlonipha bāhlonipha abuhloniphanga obungahloniphanga bungahloniphanga
Class 15 kwāhlonipha okwāhlonipha kwāhlonipha akuhloniphanga okungahloniphanga kungahloniphanga
Class 17 kwāhlonipha okwāhlonipha kwāhlonipha akuhloniphanga okungahloniphanga kungahloniphanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingahlonipha ngingahlonipha ngingehloniphe ngingehloniphe
2nd singular ungahlonipha ungahlonipha ungehloniphe ungehloniphe
1st plural singahlonipha singahlonipha singehloniphe singehloniphe
2nd plural ningahlonipha ningahlonipha ningehloniphe ningehloniphe
Class 1 angahlonipha engahlonipha angehloniphe engehloniphe
Class 2 bangahlonipha bengahlonipha bangehloniphe bengehloniphe
Class 3 ungahlonipha ungahlonipha ungehloniphe ungehloniphe
Class 4 ingahlonipha ingahlonipha ingehloniphe ingehloniphe
Class 5 lingahlonipha lingahlonipha lingehloniphe lingehloniphe
Class 6 angahlonipha engahlonipha angehloniphe engehloniphe
Class 7 singahlonipha singahlonipha singehloniphe singehloniphe
Class 8 zingahlonipha zingahlonipha zingehloniphe zingehloniphe
Class 9 ingahlonipha ingahlonipha ingehloniphe ingehloniphe
Class 10 zingahlonipha zingahlonipha zingehloniphe zingehloniphe
Class 11 lungahlonipha lungahlonipha lungehloniphe lungehloniphe
Class 14 bungahlonipha bungahlonipha bungehloniphe bungehloniphe
Class 15 kungahlonipha kungahlonipha kungehloniphe kungehloniphe
Class 17 kungahlonipha kungahlonipha kungehloniphe kungehloniphe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizohlonipha engizohlonipha ngizohlonipha angizuhlonipha engingezuhlonipha ngingezuhlonipha
2nd singular uzohlonipha ozohlonipha uzohlonipha awuzuhlonipha ongezuhlonipha ungezuhlonipha
1st plural sizohlonipha esizohlonipha sizohlonipha asizuhlonipha esingezuhlonipha singezuhlonipha
2nd plural nizohlonipha enizohlonipha nizohlonipha anizuhlonipha eningezuhlonipha ningezuhlonipha
Class 1 uzohlonipha ozohlonipha ezohlonipha akazuhlonipha ongezuhlonipha engezuhlonipha
Class 2 bazohlonipha abazohlonipha bezohlonipha abazuhlonipha abangezuhlonipha bengezuhlonipha
Class 3 uzohlonipha ozohlonipha uzohlonipha awuzuhlonipha ongezuhlonipha ungezuhlonipha
Class 4 izohlonipha ezohlonipha izohlonipha ayizuhlonipha engezuhlonipha ingezuhlonipha
Class 5 lizohlonipha elizohlonipha lizohlonipha alizuhlonipha elingezuhlonipha lingezuhlonipha
Class 6 azohlonipha azohlonipha ezohlonipha awazuhlonipha angezuhlonipha engezuhlonipha
Class 7 sizohlonipha esizohlonipha sizohlonipha asizuhlonipha esingezuhlonipha singezuhlonipha
Class 8 zizohlonipha ezizohlonipha zizohlonipha azizuhlonipha ezingezuhlonipha zingezuhlonipha
Class 9 izohlonipha ezohlonipha izohlonipha ayizuhlonipha engezuhlonipha ingezuhlonipha
Class 10 zizohlonipha ezizohlonipha zizohlonipha azizuhlonipha ezingezuhlonipha zingezuhlonipha
Class 11 luzohlonipha oluzohlonipha luzohlonipha aluzuhlonipha olungezuhlonipha lungezuhlonipha
Class 14 buzohlonipha obuzohlonipha buzohlonipha abuzuhlonipha obungezuhlonipha bungezuhlonipha
Class 15 kuzohlonipha okuzohlonipha kuzohlonipha akuzuhlonipha okungezuhlonipha kungezuhlonipha
Class 17 kuzohlonipha okuzohlonipha kuzohlonipha akuzuhlonipha okungezuhlonipha kungezuhlonipha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyohlonipha engiyohlonipha ngiyohlonipha angiyuhlonipha engingeyuhlonipha ngingeyuhlonipha
2nd singular uyohlonipha oyohlonipha uyohlonipha awuyuhlonipha ongeyuhlonipha ungeyuhlonipha
1st plural siyohlonipha esiyohlonipha siyohlonipha asiyuhlonipha esingeyuhlonipha singeyuhlonipha
2nd plural niyohlonipha eniyohlonipha niyohlonipha aniyuhlonipha eningeyuhlonipha ningeyuhlonipha
Class 1 uyohlonipha oyohlonipha eyohlonipha akayuhlonipha ongeyuhlonipha engeyuhlonipha
Class 2 bayohlonipha abayohlonipha beyohlonipha abayuhlonipha abangeyuhlonipha bengeyuhlonipha
Class 3 uyohlonipha oyohlonipha uyohlonipha awuyuhlonipha ongeyuhlonipha ungeyuhlonipha
Class 4 iyohlonipha eyohlonipha iyohlonipha ayiyuhlonipha engeyuhlonipha ingeyuhlonipha
Class 5 liyohlonipha eliyohlonipha liyohlonipha aliyuhlonipha elingeyuhlonipha lingeyuhlonipha
Class 6 ayohlonipha ayohlonipha eyohlonipha awayuhlonipha angeyuhlonipha engeyuhlonipha
Class 7 siyohlonipha esiyohlonipha siyohlonipha asiyuhlonipha esingeyuhlonipha singeyuhlonipha
Class 8 ziyohlonipha eziyohlonipha ziyohlonipha aziyuhlonipha ezingeyuhlonipha zingeyuhlonipha
Class 9 iyohlonipha eyohlonipha iyohlonipha ayiyuhlonipha engeyuhlonipha ingeyuhlonipha
Class 10 ziyohlonipha eziyohlonipha ziyohlonipha aziyuhlonipha ezingeyuhlonipha zingeyuhlonipha
Class 11 luyohlonipha oluyohlonipha luyohlonipha aluyuhlonipha olungeyuhlonipha lungeyuhlonipha
Class 14 buyohlonipha obuyohlonipha buyohlonipha abuyuhlonipha obungeyuhlonipha bungeyuhlonipha
Class 15 kuyohlonipha okuyohlonipha kuyohlonipha akuyuhlonipha okungeyuhlonipha kungeyuhlonipha
Class 17 kuyohlonipha okuyohlonipha kuyohlonipha akuyuhlonipha okungeyuhlonipha kungeyuhlonipha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngihloniphe ngingahloniphi
2nd singular uhloniphe ungahloniphi
1st plural sihloniphe singahloniphi
2nd plural nihloniphe ningahloniphi
Class 1 ahloniphe angahloniphi
Class 2 bahloniphe bangahloniphi
Class 3 uhloniphe ungahloniphi
Class 4 ihloniphe ingahloniphi
Class 5 lihloniphe lingahloniphi
Class 6 ahloniphe angahloniphi
Class 7 sihloniphe singahloniphi
Class 8 zihloniphe zingahloniphi
Class 9 ihloniphe ingahloniphi
Class 10 zihloniphe zingahloniphi
Class 11 luhloniphe lungahloniphi
Class 14 buhloniphe bungahloniphi
Class 15 kuhloniphe kungahloniphi
Class 17 kuhloniphe kungahloniphi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngahlonipha ngangahlonipha, angahlonipha, angangahlonipha
2nd singular wahlonipha wangahlonipha, awahlonipha, awangahlonipha
1st plural sahlonipha sangahlonipha, asahlonipha, asangahlonipha
2nd plural nahlonipha nangahlonipha, anahlonipha, anangahlonipha
Class 1 wahlonipha wangahlonipha, akahlonipha, akangahlonipha
Class 2 bahlonipha bangahlonipha, abahlonipha, abangahlonipha
Class 3 wahlonipha wangahlonipha, awahlonipha, awangahlonipha
Class 4 yahlonipha yangahlonipha, ayahlonipha, ayangahlonipha
Class 5 lahlonipha langahlonipha, alahlonipha, alangahlonipha
Class 6 ahlonipha angahlonipha, awahlonipha, awangahlonipha
Class 7 sahlonipha sangahlonipha, asahlonipha, asangahlonipha
Class 8 zahlonipha zangahlonipha, azahlonipha, azangahlonipha
Class 9 yahlonipha yangahlonipha, ayahlonipha, ayangahlonipha
Class 10 zahlonipha zangahlonipha, azahlonipha, azangahlonipha
Class 11 lwahlonipha lwangahlonipha, alwahlonipha, alwangahlonipha
Class 14 bahlonipha bangahlonipha, abahlonipha, abangahlonipha
Class 15 kwahlonipha kwangahlonipha, akwahlonipha, akwangahlonipha
Class 17 kwahlonipha kwangahlonipha, akwahlonipha, akwangahlonipha

ReferencesEdit

  • C. M. Doke; B. W. Vilakazi (1972), “hlonipha”, in Zulu-English Dictionary, →ISBN: “hlonipha (3.2.9)”
  • Poulos, G., & Msimang, C. T. (1998). A linguistic analysis of Zulu. Pretoria: Via Afrika.