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SwedishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

jungfru (virgin, maiden) +‎ källa (spring, source); according to a folk story three men once attacked three sisters in the forest, but rather than letting the men have their way with them, the sisters committed suicide by banging their heads against birch trees, and three springs arose from their blood. The story is associated with several locations in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Faroe Islands. There are local variations to the story.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈjʉŋfrʉːˌɕɛlˌa/

NounEdit

jungfrukälla c

  1. (folklore) A spring, usually one of a group of three, which is believed to have come into existence due to a tragic death of a maiden.
    • 1875, Christoffer Eichhorn, “Äldre svenska folkvisor [Older Swedish folk songs]”, in Svenska fornminnesföreningens tidskrift [Journal of the Swedish Society of Ancient Monuments], volume 2, Stockholm: P.A. Nordstedt & Söner, page 78:
      Egendomsherren på Engagården hette fordomdags Truls, och hans maka Signe. De hade sex barn, tre af hvart kön. Sönerne blefvo i ungdomen spådde, att de skulle misshandla sina systrar. För att hindra detta, förde fadren dem långt upp åt landet. Sedan de blifvit vuxna, komma de till hemorten, utan att veta att de der voro födde. Händelsevis mötte de i skogen trenne flickor som skulle gå till ottesången i Norrhveddinge kyrka, och visste ej att de voro deras systrar. De våldtogo flickorna och slogo dem ihjel. På stället der detta hände, uppsprungo Jungfrukällorna.
      Long time ago, the owner of Engagården was Truls and his wife was Signe. They had six children, three of each sex. When the sons were young it was forecast that they would violate their sisters. In order to prevent this, the father sent them far away to another part of the country. When they had grown up, they came to their homestead, without knowing that they were born there. They met in the forest three girls who were on their way to Christmas Eve's morning service at the church of Norrhveddinge, and did not know that they were their sisters. They raped the girls and killed them. On the site where this happened sprang up the Virgin Springs.

Usage notesEdit

DeclensionEdit

Declension of jungfrukälla 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative jungfrukälla jungfrukällan jungfrukällor jungfrukällorna
Genitive jungfrukällas jungfrukällans jungfrukällors jungfrukällornas

See alsoEdit